The Tivoli and Rome sketchbook contains several studies of the Villa d’Este, a sixteenth-century villa and formal Renaissance garden built for Cardinal Ippolito d’Este (1509–1572), the son of Lucrezia Borgia. This sketch shows the Gran Loggia, an architectural feature in the form of a triumphal arch which stands perpendicular to the western end of the main casino. Built by the Neapolitan architect, Pirro Ligorio, the loggia encloses one side of a terrace overlooking the gardens whilst also providing a platform for a panoramic vista towards Rome. The composition continues on the opposite sheet of the double-page spread, see folio 11 (D14950). As a young man, Turner had made a watercolour copy of a view of the loggia by another artist, see Dr Monro’s Album of Italian Views (Tate D36457; Turner Bequest CCCLXXIII 44).
For a full discussion of Turner’s sketches of the Villa d’Este see folio 5 verso (D14942).