Joseph Mallord William Turner

Veste Coburg from the East, with Coburg Beyond

1840

In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Watercolour and gouache on paper
Dimensions
Support: 190 × 282 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D32188
Turner Bequest CCCXVII 9

Catalogue entry

Turner was in Coburg, then capital of the German Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, between 17 and 20 September 1840, and made many pencil drawings of the town and its surroundings in the Venice; Passau to Würzburg sketchbook; see under Tate D31278 (Turner Bequest CCCX 1a). Cecilia Powell identified the present colour study as showing the medieval Veste Coburg fortress high up in parkland north-east of the town, comparing it in particular with D31396 (CCCX 61) in that book, which comprised three related studies, and describing the scene:
Veste Coburg is seen here very much as in Turner’s largest pencil sketch ... though in the coloured scene Coburg itself is indicated only by the light, mostly unpainted patch to the left of the hill ... From this direction the viewer has a very powerful impression of the way in which Veste Coburg seems to grow out of the conical hill ... Turner distinguishes clearly between the light stone of some parts of the fortress and its red roofs ...1
This is one of four colour studies on grey paper of the Coburg area, which can all be related to Venice; Passau to Würzburg pencil sketches (see also Tate D32186, D32187 and D32190; Turner Bequest CCCXVII 7, 8, 11); there are additionally three loose watercolours on conventional white sheets (D35889, D35948, D36187; CCCLXIV 49, 105, 329).2 D32190 shows a closer view of the southern entrance to the castle complex, ‘indicated by no more than a few strokes of mauve wash’ in this wider prospect.3
Originally described as showing a ‘Castle on hill’,4 this sheet had nevertheless been included in the ‘Venice: Miscellaneous. (b) Grey Paper’ section of Finberg’s 1909 Inventory, albeit among a handful (Tate D32185–D32191; Turner Bequest CCCXVII 6–12) of which he noted ‘some – probably all ... are not Venetian subjects’, but likely ‘done at the same time, and may therefore help to throw light on Turner’s movements.’5 In 1930 he noted that ‘some ... may have been made in the Tyrol on the way to or from Venice’.6 Other than D32189, a view of Bolzano (Bozen) from the outward leg, and D32191, which may show the Venetian Lagoon, they have all since been identified as German subjects from 1840’s return journey, and are included in this subsection (see also the technical notes).
1
Powell 1995, p.171.
2
See also Powell 2001, p.50.
3
Powell 1995, p.171.
4
Finberg 1909, II, p.1023.
5
Ibid., p.1022.
6
Finberg 1930, p.175.
1
See Powell 1995, p.169.
2
See ibid., p.145.
3
See also Peter Bower, Turner’s Later Papers: A Study of the Manufacture, Selection and Use of his Drawing Papers 1820–1851, exhibition catalogue, Tate Gallery, pp.105, 107, for discussion of another such group, comprising seven Regensburg and Walhalla views included in the present subsection.
4
Powell 1995, p.168; see also p.81 note 2.
5
See Ian Warrell, ‘Appendix: The papers used for Turner’s Venetian Watercolours’ (1840, section 11) in Warrell, David Laven, Jan Morris and others, Turner and Venice, exhibition catalogue, Tate Britain, London 2003, pp.258 (under 1833), 259 section 8.

Matthew Imms
September 2018

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