This inverted view of Rome looks south-west from the substructures of the ruined Palace of Septimius Severus on the Palatine Hill. In the distance on the right-hand side can be seen the Pyramid of Cestius and the adjacent Porta San Paolo, whilst left of centre on the horizon is the Convent of Santa Balbina on the Aventine Hill. Another gate with two towers is visible in the background on the far left, possibly the Porta Appia, also known as the Porta San Sebastiano. The vista spills over onto the opposite sheet of the double-page spread, see folio 76 (D15441; Turner Bequest CLXXXII 75). The composition is similar to a drawing by James Hakewill, Rome, Ruins of the Palace of the Caesars on the Palatine Hill, later published in a series called Eight Views of Rome, 1823.1 Unlike Hakewill, Turner has omitted the full details of the Palatine ruins in the foreground. The blank space in the bottom right-hand corner of the sketch ought to bear two more arches and a flight of steps leading down to a gate within a wall. Turner has also extended the panorama further east.
Tony Cubberley and Luke Herrmann, Twilight of the Grand Tour: A Catalogue of the drawings by James Hakewill in the British School at Rome Library, Rome 1992, no.3.10, p.188 reproduced.
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