Joseph Mallord William Turner

Witton Castle

1817

Not on display

Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 116 × 185 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D12338
Turner Bequest CLVII 17

Catalogue entry

Witton Castle stands south of the River Wear, about four miles west of Bishop Auckland. The castle, probably dating from the late fourteenth century, was remodelled in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, but remains externally much as shown here. It is now the headquarters of a caravan and leisure park occupying the extensive grounds.1 Turner’s view is from the east of the walled garden around the castle, across Witton Row Beck; the bridge has since been rebuilt. There is a slight continuation of the trees to the right on folio 16 verso opposite (D12337).
The castle had been gutted by fire in 1796 and was bought in 1816 (the year before Turner’s visit) by William Chaytor, later a baronet and MP for Sunderland, who opened a colliery on the estate in 1825.2 If the artist hoped for a commission from the new owner, none was apparently forthcoming.
The building is seen again in the view on folios 17 verso, 18 recto and 19 recto (D12339–D12341). Assuming they were the same unidentified structure, Gerald Wilkinson has described the present subject and Brancepeth Castle on folio 15 recto (D12335), each seen through ‘almost leafless’ trees, as providing ‘a theme of interpenetrating planes which Turner handles with summary skill’.3

Matthew Imms
February 2010

1
English Heritage listing quoted at ‘Witton Castle, Sloshes Lane, Evenwood & Barony; Listed building (Witton-le-Wear)’, Keys to the Past, accessed 21 January 2010. http://www.keystothepast.info/durhamcc/K2P.nsf/K2PDetail?readform&PRN=D13785.
2
E. Mackenzie and M. Ross, An Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive View of the County Palatine of Durham, Newcastle upon Tyne 1834, vol.II, p.277.
3
Wilkinson 1974, p.170.

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