We are grateful to Andrianna Campbell for her development of this In Focus, and to Raffaele Bedarida, Claire Brandon and Nigel Freeman for their valuable contributions to the research. Thanks are also owed to Mark Godfrey, Senior Curator, International Art and Rachel Barker, Paintings Conservator at Tate for their advice on the project.

Andrianna Campbell would like to thank Tarin M. Fuller, A.C. Hudgins, Darby English, her advisor David Joselit, Miani Johnson, Ruth Fine, Ann Gibson, Katy Siegel, Mark Godfrey, Pamela Joyner, Julia Bailey, Celia White and all of the many people who contributed research and feedback to this project.

This project belongs to a series of In Focus studies commissioned as part of Refiguring American Art, a major research project generously supported by the Terra Foundation for American Art.

Andrianna Campbell, doctoral candidate, Department of Art History, City University of New York
Dr Raffaele Bedarida, Assistant Professor of Art History, Cooper Union
Dr Claire Brandon, Ivorypress, Madrid

Series editor: Jennifer Mundy, Head of Collection Research, Tate
Commissioning editor: Alex J. Taylor, Terra Foundation Research Fellow in American Art, Tate
Project manager: Julia Bailey, Terra Foundation for American Art Research Project Manager, Tate
Project editor: Celia White, Collection Research Editor, Tate
Digital editor: Susannah Worth, Digital Editor (Research), Tate

ISBN 978-1-84976-545-9