Paula Rego, ‘Nanny, Small Bears and Bogeyman’ 1982
Paula Rego
Nanny, Small Bears and Bogeyman 1982
© Paula Rego
Philip Guston, ‘Black Sea’ 1977
Philip Guston
Black Sea 1977
© The Estate of Philip Guston
Georg Baselitz, ‘Adieu’ 1982
Georg Baselitz
Adieu 1982
© Georg Baselitz
Anselm Kiefer, ‘Lilith’ 1987–9
Anselm Kiefer
Lilith 1987–9
© Anselm Kiefer
Gerhard Richter, ‘Abstract Painting No. 439’ 1978
Gerhard Richter
Abstract Painting No. 439 1978
© Gerhard Richter
Sigmar Polke, ‘Untitled (Square 2)’ 2003
Sigmar Polke
Untitled (Square 2) 2003
© The estate of Sigmar Polke/ DACS 2022
David Salle, ‘High and Low’ 1994
David Salle
High and Low 1994
© David Salle/VAGA, New York/DACS, London 2022

It was seen as a reaction to the minimalism and conceptual art that had dominated the 1970s.

In the USA leading figures were Philip Guston and Julian Schnabel, and in Britain Christopher Le Brun and Paula Rego. There was a major development of neo-expressionism in Germany, as might be expected with its expressionist heritage, but also in Italy. In Germany the neo-expressionists became known as Neue Wilden (i.e. new Fauves). In Italy, neo-expressionist painting appeared under the banner of Transavanguardia (beyond the avant-garde). In France a group called Figuration Libre was formed in 1981 by Robert Combas, Remi Blanchard, Francois Boisrond and Herve de Rosa.