Peter Lanyon, ‘Porthleven Boats’ 1950–1
Peter Lanyon
Porthleven Boats 1950–1
© The estate of Peter Lanyon
Wilhelmina Barns-Graham, ‘Red Form’ 1954
Wilhelmina Barns-Graham
Red Form 1954
© Wilhelmina Barns-Graham Trust
Dame Barbara Hepworth, ‘Corinthos’ 1954–5
Dame Barbara Hepworth
Corinthos 1954–5
© Bowness

Penwith Society of Arts is part of the history of the development of modern and abstract art within the artists’ colony of St Ives. It was formed by abstract artists breaking away from the St Ives Society of Artists, which was too traditional for them. They had already formed the splinter Crypt Group within the St Ives Society, but by 1988 felt the need for complete separation.

The founders of the Penwith Society were Barbara Hepworth and Ben Nicholson together with the rest of the Crypt Group, including Peter Lanyon, who played a prominent role. They invited the eminent critic and supporter of modern art, Herbert Read, to be their president.

Related glossary terms

St Ives school, Crypt Group, unit one, The seven and five society