Oscar-Claude Monet (UK: , US: , French: [klod mɔnɛ]; 14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926) was a French painter, a founder of French Impressionist painting and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein air landscape painting. The term "Impressionism" is derived from the title of his painting Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise), which was exhibited in 1874 in the first of the independent exhibitions mounted by Monet and his associates as an alternative to the Salon de Paris.
Monet's ambition of documenting the French countryside led him to adopt a method of painting the same scene many times in order to capture the changing of light and the passing of the seasons. From 1883, Monet lived in Giverny, where he purchased a house and property and began a vast landscaping project which included lily ponds that would become the subjects of his best-known works. He began painting the water lilies in 1899, first in vertical views with a Japanese bridge as a central feature and later in the series of large-scale paintings that was to occupy him continuously for the next 20 years of his life.
Artist as subject
Film and audio
Tate EtcArtist Hao Liang responds to Monet's letters to his wife Alice, seeing in them a link to a much longer …
Tate EtcWhile Monet worked on multiple oil sketches of the Houses of Parliament from a covered terrace at St Thomas's Hospital, …
Art TermComplementary colours are pairs of colours that contrast with each other more than any other colour, and when placed side-by-side …
Art TermImpressionism developed in France in the nineteenth century and is based on the practice of painting out of doors and …
Tate EtcWhen the seventeenth-century diarist John Evelyn described London as a ‘Hellish and dismall Cloud of SEA-COALE’, he was one among …
Tate EtcMartin Postle talks to Christoph Becker about artists and the inspiration of their gardens