GAWEN HAMILTON, attributed to 1698–1737
One of the first generation of native-born painters of conversation pieces, coming close to Hogarth in style and considered by the not altogether unprejudiced Vertue to be even his superior ‘in Colouring and easy gracefull likeness’. His best-known picture is the ‘Club of Artist’ of 1735 in the National portrait Gallery.
Born in 1698, he arrived in London from Hamilton, in the west of Scotland, c. 1726 and gave up life-size portraiture for conversation pieces c. 1730; noted by Vertue as one of ‘the most elevated Men in Art here now, [who] are the lowest of stature’. Lived near St Paul's, Covent Garden, and was buried there 28 October 1737.
LITERATURE H.F. Finberg, ‘Gawen Hamilton: An Unknown Scottish Portrait Painter’, Walpole Society, VI, 1918, pp.51–58
Gawen Hamilton (1698 – 1737), easily confused with the later, more prominent artist Gavin Hamilton, was a Scottish painter working in London, a member of the Rose and Crown Club, who is known for some 'conversation pieces' depicting clubs of artists. The little that is known of Hamilton is derived mostly from the notebooks of George Vertue, who knew him well and was a fellow member, both of the convivial group that met at the Rose and Crown as well as the Club of Artists depicted by Hamilton in 1735, that met at the King's Arms in New Bond Street and commissioned the portrait by subscription, to aid Hamilton.
Vertue notes that he was born at Hamilton, near Glasgow, was trained by a little-known artist named Wilson, and excelled at groups with numerous small figures, which Vertue compares with William Hogarth, mentioning a group portrait of John Wootton and His Family and a portrait of the Earl and Countess of Strafford and Their Family.
Horace Walpole, who used Vertue's notes, makes no mention of Gawen Hamilton in his Anecdotes of Painting in England.