Viktor Pivovarov (Russian: Виктор Пивоваров; born 1937), along with Ilya Kabakov, Erik Bulatov, and Irina Nakhova, was one of the leading artists of the Moscow Conceptualist artistic movement of the 1970s. His work reflected the complete ideologization of the Soviet lifestyle, often simultaneously expressing criticism and nostalgia for this lifestyle. Nakhova relates that Pivovarov was a major influence and first inspired her to paint.
Pivovarov was also a prolific illustrator of children's books, with over 50 books to his credit. He moved from Moscow to Prague in 1982, and continues to live there to date.