John Constable, David Lucas

A Mill near Brighton

published 1855

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In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
John Constable 1776–1837
David Lucas 1802–1881
Mezzotint on paper
Image: 146 × 115 mm
Purchased 1985

Catalogue entry

This catalogue entry discusses a group of works; details of the individual work are given at the end of the introductory text.

John Constable 1776-1837 and David Lucas 1802-1881

T04064 - T04103 'English Landscape Scenery' pub.1855

Bound volume containing text and forty mezzotints, various sizes, on wove paper, page size 426 x 290 (16 3/4 x 11 7/16)
Purchased (Grant-in-Aid) 1985
Prov: ...; given by Mrs Peter Hammond to her husband Peter Hammond 27 July 1911 (inscription on endpaper); ...; Osbert H. Barnard, sold Sotheby's 7 March 1985 (237, together with T03983-04063) £5017 bt Christopher Mendez for Tate Gallery
Lit: as for T03983-04063 above

See the introductory text to T03983-04063 for general comments on this edition, published by H.G. Bohn in 1855 under the title English Landscape Scenery: A Series of Forty Mezzotinto Engravings on Steel, by David Lucas. From Pictures Painted by John Constable, R.A.

The titles used here are those that appear on the prints themselves, except for subjects first published in the 1830-2 English Landscape series, for which the original titles, as given on T03983-04063, have been retained. The ruled borders or framing lines (as Shirley calls them) used on the later Lucas subjects included in this edition have been ignored for the purpose of measuring the images.

T04074 A Mill near Brighton

Mezzotint 146 x 115 (5 3/4 x 4 1/2); plate-mark 179 x 123 (7 1/16 x 4 1/2)
Engraved inscriptions: '11' above image t.r., 'Painted by John Constable, R.A.' below image b.l., 'Engraved by David Lucas.' below image b.r., 'A MILL | NEAR BRIGHTON.' below image at centre; first line of title in fine open letters, second line in fine italic
Lit: Shirley 1930, no.4, state II; Hill 1985, no.33

This is one of the plates engraved during Constable's lifetime, the earliest proofs being dated 1829 (Shirley 1930, p.161). On 26 February 1830 Constable said be had 'made the upright windmill quite perfect' (Beckett IV 1966, p.325) but it was not in fact included in English Landscape, perhaps, as Beckett suggested, because of its format, all the other subjects being horizontal. Constable later hoped to include it in his 'Appendix ' but it was not made ready for publication until 1838 when it was lettered for Moon's edition (for which see the introductory comments on T03983-04063). Lucas did not include it in his 1846 New Series. The original painting is a small oil sketch now in the Victoria and Albert Museum (Reynolds 1984, no.29.60, pl.760 in col.; Hill 1985, pl.33 in col.).

Published in:
The Tate Gallery 1984-86: Illustrated Catalogue of Acquisitions Including Supplement to Catalogue of Acquisitions 1982-84, Tate Gallery, London 1988, pp.50 and 52-3

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