Alan L. Durst

The Acrobats


Not on display

Alan L. Durst 1883–1970
Cedar wood
Object: 590 × 240 × 250 mm
Presented by Tate Members 2002


During the 1920s Alan Durst made several sculptures of acrobats and tumblers. Like the dancer motif so commonly found in the work of other avant-garde sculptors of the early twentieth century, this subject allowed for considerable formal invention within a clearly figurative idiom. In The Acrobats a naked man carries a naked woman on his shoulders. From this unusual arrangement emerges a sculpture of considerable formal interest. Looking at the sculpture from the side, a rhythmic line rises from the sturdy bent legs of the man through his body and that of the woman. From the front, the zigzag of advancing and receding planes gives it great formal dynamism.

In part, the composition and execution of The Acrobats is indebted to the West African carvings that Durst had seen at the British Museum and elsewhere. There is a clear correspondence, for example, between the massive, stocky legs of the male figure and Fang figurative sculpture. Likewise, the method of carving directly into the block of wood without intermediary stages was associated with primitivised practices. During the 1920s, Durst with Henry Moore (1898–1986), John Skeaping (1901–80), Barbara Hepworth (1903–75) and Maurice Lambert (1901–64), was one of the leading exponents of direct carving in Britain. Working without models or maquettes, Durst attacked the cubic block of cedar wood on each of its four sides, roughing out the basic design. Gradually he refined the sculpture into its finished state, leaving only the stand as a remnant of its original shape. This hands-on approach to sculpture has often been considered as part of a normally superior craft aesthetic opposed to the fragmentation of labour that had characterised much nineteenth century sculpture.

The Acrobats is one of very few examples of Durst’s wood carving to have survived. It was first exhibited with the London Group in 1927 and the next year travelled to Buenos Aires where it was included in an exhibition of contemporary British art. In November of 1928 it was shown at the Sydney Burney Gallery and then at Durst’s one man exhibition at the Leicester Galleries in 1930, where it was exhibited with Girl Binding Her Hair, 1929 (Tate T00722), among other works.

Toby Treves, revised by Heather Birchall
October 2002

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Display caption

Durst was one of several artists who looked to African art in order to revitalise modern European sculpture. The unusual arrangement of figures in The Acrobats allowed him to adopt elements that were typical of West African carvings, notably the buckled, stocky legs. Durst would have seen African carvings in the British Museum and in private collections (the Baga figure in the nearby vitrine once belonged to the sculptor Jacob Epstein). These examples also encouraged him to adopt ‘direct carving’ as a more authentic method of self-expression.

Gallery label, July 2008

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