- Algernon Talmage 1871–1939
- Oil paint on canvas
- Support: 2290 × 3200 mm
- Presented by Frank Albert 1937
N04877 THE FOUNDING OF AUSTRALIA 1788 1937
Inscr. ‘A. Talmage ’37' b.l.
Canvas, 89×125 1/2 (226×319).
Presented by Frank Albert 1937.
Coll: Commissioned by the donor.
Exh: R.A., 1937 (146), as ‘The Founding of Australia by Capt. Arthur Philip [sic] R.N. Saturday, 26 January 1788’.
Repr: Royal Academy Illustrated, 1937, p.51.
The subject was suggested to Frank Albert of Sydney by D. Hope Johnston, founder and ex-President of the Australasian Pioneers' Club, Sydney, who supplied the historical details. After its presentation to the Tate Gallery the picture was exhibited in Sydney to commemorate the 150th anniversary of its foundation.
The First Governor and Captain-General of New South Wales was Captain Arthur Phillip, R.N. The scene is Sydney Cove and the Governor (in the centre) is about to propose the health of King George III after the hoisting of the Union Jack and the Guard of Marines' salute. The other principal figures are Captain David Collins (with his foot on a tree-trunk), founder and First Governor of Tasmania, and Lieutenant Henry L. Ball, Commander of the Brig Supply, the first vessel to enter Sydney Harbour (right). Others, from left to right, are: (3) Midshipman Stephen Donovan; (6) Lieutenant Newton Powell; (7) David Blackburn, Master, all of the Supply; (8) Lieutenant Philip Gidley King of the Flagship Sirius; and (9) Lieutenant George Johnston, afterwards Administrator of the Colony.
Mary Chamot, Dennis Farr and Martin Butlin, The Modern British Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture, London 1964, II