Joseph Mallord William Turner

?A Landscape; with Inscriptions by Turner: Accounts and Notes

c.1807–14

In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 69 × 112 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D08355
Turner Bequest CXXII 44 a

Catalogue entry

The prominent ink inscriptions seem to have been inscribed over a slight pencil drawing, apparently a landscape, made with book inverted relative to its present foliation. Other landscapes in this sketchbook may date from around 1807 (see the Introduction). With the page turned vertically, Turner set out the following accounts, filling the half of the page nearest the gutter:
        Left in the Reduced   150 | 
                               50 | 
        Now                        100 
           120 
           200                300 
 
                        1452–7    5 
                         150 
                        1602–7–5 
                          50 
                              300 
 
                                       100 C 
                                       150
                    250 or 70          150 
                                       100 <...> 
                                       300 [?C]  
The figure of £1452 seven shillings and five pence and £1602 seven shillings and five pence also appear on folio 7 verso (D08294), datable to about 1810. ‘C’ indicates Consol (i.e. consolidated) stocks, and ‘R’ for Reduced stocks (as in the first line). For more on Turner’s finances as set out in the extensive notes in this sketchbook, see the Introduction.
In the outer half of the page, turned horizontally, Turner made the following note. The first line, not transcribed by Finberg, and the end of the second, which he read as ‘Rd’, are now almost illegible due to heavy staining (see the Technical notes):
        Mrs Lloyd Gibbon
        7 Sackville [?St]
        137 – 100
        29 April 1807
         [?Mother]
The subject of this note is mentioned in the entry for ‘Stays’ in a contemporary Domestic Encyclopædia, published in both Britain and America: ‘In March, 1801, Mrs. Lloyd Gibbon, of Sackville-street, Piccadilly, obtained a patent for new-invented stays, for women and others.’1 This is followed by a technical description. She placed the following detailed advertisement in the May 1807 issue of a women’s magazine:
1
A.F.M. Willich, The Domestic Encyclopædia, or, a Dictionary of Facts, and Useful Knowledge, 1st American ed., vol.V, Philadelphia 1804, p.40.
2
‘Monthly Compendium of Literary, Fashionable, and Domestic Advertisements; For May 1, 1807’, La Belle Assemblée or Bell’s Court and Fashionable Magazine, Addressed Particularly to the Ladies, vol.2, January–June 1807, p.[25]; see also the supplement ‘For June 1, 1807’, p.[33].
3
A. Highmore, Philanthropia Metropolitana; a View of the Charitable Institutions Established in and near London, Chiefly during the Last Twelve Years, London 1822, p.329.
4
Ibid., p.327.
5
‘Proceedings of Societies’, New Monthly Magazine and Universal Register, vol.9, 1818, p.517.
6
‘Names and Residences of the Principal Living Artists...’, Annals of the Fine Arts for MDCCCXIX, vol.4, 1820, p.647.
7
The relevant section of this entry is largely paraphrased in Imms 2011, p.5.

Matthew Imms
September 2013

Read full Catalogue entry

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