Joseph Mallord William Turner

Cobham Hall, near Rochester

c.1821–2

In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 113 × 187 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D17351
Turner Bequest CXCVIII 84

Catalogue entry

Inverted according to the foliation of the sketchbook, this page offers detailed studies of the architecture at Cobham Hall just outside Rochester in Kent, as identified by Ian Warrell.1 His argument for Turner’s presence there is augmented by a claim that the artist might have visited Cobham to see the Rape of Europa by Titian, which Lord Darnley boasted as part of his collection at the country manor.2 A decade earlier, this sixteenth century painting had informed the frontispiece to the Liber Studiorum of about 1810–11 (Tate D08150; Vaughan Bequest CXVII V).3 Warrell identifies three sketches of Cobham Hall in this sketchbook.4 It seems possible that there may be two additional studies which bring the total to five. For a history of Cobham Hall and a list of the drawings in this sketchbook which describe it, see the entry for folio 19 verso (D17238).
In the largest drawing on the page, which begins towards the centre and extends right, Turner makes a detailed study of the cosmetic detail of the building. He uses the sharp, fine point of a pencil to describe regimented rows of windows, in various different designs, and decorative features of the brickwork and roof. He records an army of chimneys, capturing the grandeur of the scene and immense wealth on display. The prospect is almost identical to the one he explores two pages earlier, on folio 83 recto (D17349), although here the view is more extended on the right, where outbuildings are visible behind Cobham Hall.
At the top of the page two additional sketches elaborate on the theme. At top left, Turner seems to observe the house from a southern or northerly perspective, gaining a side-view of one of the Elizabethan wings and experiencing a vantage point slightly obscured by trees. Opposite this drawing, at top right, the artist makes a study of a slim exterior door or archway, with one of the distinctive domed towers visible towards the centre of the page, at the very top.
1
Warrell 2003, pp.66, 262 note 70.
2
Ibid.
3
Ibid.
4
Ibid.
Technical notes:
John Ruskin’s inscription in red ink at top left has smudged and bled leaving a pink stain but little else that remains legible.

Maud Whatley
January 2016

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