Joseph Mallord William Turner

Inscription by Turner: A Draft List of ‘Liber Studiorum’ Pastoral Subjects


Not on display

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Graphite on paper
Support: 112 × 89 mm
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Turner Bequest CLIV a 25 a

Catalogue entry

The whole page, turned vertically, is taken up with the following list in two columns:
        Pastoral                   Hay making
        1 Cocks and Hens           Ploughing
        2 Farm Yard                Harvest
        3 Hedging and Ditching     Potatoes [?Dig]1
        4 Twickenham Bridge +
        5 Thames Bank +
        6 Juvenile Tricks
        7 Boy Fishing
        8 Flounder Fishing +
        9 Solway Moss
        10 Cows and Bridge
        13 Says Mill
        15 Dunkarton Mill
        16 Watermill
        17 Snow +
        18 Frosty Morning +
        19 Sheepwashing +
          Soldiers and Winchelsea +
        20 Norham
This is the first of a series of working lists of subjects within the various categories of Turner’s Liber Studiorum series of landscape prints, running on to folio 32 recto (D12171; Turner Bequest CLIV a 31). An annotated version, with full details of the subjects and their publishing history, can be found in the present author’s overall Introduction to the section of this catalogue dealing with the watercolour studies for the Liber (c.1806–24).
A provisional list of the first ten parts of a projected twenty, each part comprising five prints drawn from different categories, runs from folio 24 verso to folio 25 verso (D12156–D12158; Turner Bequest CLIV a 23a, 24, 24a); this has been dated to 1808. Since some of the subjects in the category lists appear to have been added as late as 1818,2 the pages are all dated here to c.1808–18.

Matthew Imms
September 2013

See Forrester 1996, p.161 (transcription, followed here with slight variations)
Ibid., p.14.

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