Joseph Mallord William Turner

Inscription by Turner: Notes on Reflected Light

c.1809

In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Pen and ink on paper
Dimensions
Support: 115 × 88 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D07485
Turner Bequest CVIII 78 a

Catalogue entry

The whole page is taken up with the following notes:
[...] a reflected light Ends as it must be | and perhaps more philosophically theoreticly | than would be practicable; it must be | the object rather to give instances even | of contradiction, when nature gives those | appearances that assert those contrary | [?conditions] most fully, suppose the | sun upon the [...] a boat passing | between the suns ray and a wall [...] | m[...] and [?perpendicular] surface – | the shadow of course according to the | former Lecture but the reflection <...> | prouduced by the reflected light of the | sun disk will be visible supposing that | that object would be reflected at that height has | a body of his own from being the prototype of | the Sun; and that it would throw the | shadow upon the same principle of the
The passage is part of a sequence of notes and diagrams which continues back through the sketchbook to folio 72 verso (D07473). The text continues from the opening passage, on folio 79 verso (D07487), and on to folio 77 verso (D07483), with diagrams in between on folio 79 recto opposite (D07486) and on the recto on the present leaf (D07484), which are both relevant to the text here. The semi-diagrammatic drawing of a boat on folio 81 verso (D07491) also appears to belong with these notes, concerned with sunlight or light in general in terms of reflections and the casting of light and shadow from polished objects or bodies of water. They relate to Turner’s fifth Royal Academy perspective lecture, on reflection and refraction.
Maurice Davies has registered most of the notes from folio 91 verso (D07511) to folio 72 verso as ‘on light and shadow’;1 those from folio 91 verso to folio 82 verso (D07493) are distinct, dealing with sunlight as parallel or divergent rays.

Matthew Imms
June 2008

1
Davies 1994, p.289.

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