Joseph Mallord William Turner

Inscriptions by Turner, Including Notes from Reichard’s ‘Itinerary of Italy’


In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Pen and ink on paper
Support: 114 × 88 mm
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856

Catalogue entry

Turner has used the bottom right-hand corner of this page to make notes on routes and distances between locations for the nineteenth-century traveller in Italy. As John Gage first identified, the information is derived from Reichard’s Itinerary of Italy, published 1818, a copy of which Turner owned (see Tate D36331; Turner Bequest CCCLXVII).1 The inscriptions, which are in black ink read ‘Paris to Milan 622 | Milan to Bologna 233 | Bol to Florence 70 | Florence to Rome by Aqu 176 – 4P9 | 1101’. These notes continue on the opposite sheet, see folio 1 (D13859).
There are also a number of inscriptions in pencil which are now largely too rubbed and faded to be legible. One partially decipherable section includes the text ‘8 [...] The King of Naples [?fate] of | The J. M. [...]’. Cecilia Powell has further transcribed another line as ‘Hulmandel Stone drgs | of Italy’, a reference to C.J. Hullmandel’s book of lithographs, Twenty-four Views of Italy, published in 1818.2

Nicola Moorby
March 2010

John Gage, J.M.W. Turner: ‘A Wonderful Range of Mind’, New Haven and London 1987, p.49.
Powell 1984, pp.404 and 447 note 69, and Powell 1987, pp.201 note 41 and 206 note 71.

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