Joseph Mallord William Turner

Lecture Diagram 72: An Ionic Capital (after Thomas Malton Senior)


In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Graphite and watercolour on paper
Support: 673 × 1005 mm
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Turner Bequest CXCV 125

Catalogue entry

Made by Turner for his lectures as Professor of Perspective at the Royal Academy, Diagram 72 depicting an Ionic capital is based on the right-hand part of an illustration from A Compleat Treatise on Perspective in Theory and Practice on the True Principles of Dr Brook Taylor (1775, pl.XXII, fig.104) by the elder Thomas Malton (1726–1801). It is associated by Maurice Davies with a large group of diagrams illustrating the production of shadows; see note to Diagram 60 (Tate D17085; Turner Bequest CXCV 115). Turner also refers to a diagram numbered ‘72’ when discussing Diagram 52 (Tate D17070; Turner Bequest CXCV 100), a perspective construction of an Ionic capital based on the left portion of Malton’s plate.1 For the preliminary drawing from which Turner traced this diagram, see Tate D17098 (Turner Bequest CXCV 127).
The same capital is represented in perspective, and then with entablature in Diagrams 73 and 73+ (Tate D17097, D17100; Turner Bequest CXCV 126, 129).
Turner, ‘Royal Academy Lectures’, circa 1807–38, Department of Western Manuscripts, British Library, London, ADD MS 46151 M folio 18.
Technical notes:
Peter Bower states that the sheet is Double Elephant size Whatman paper made by William Balston, at Springfield Mill, Maidstone, Kent.1
Notes in Tate catalogue files.
Blank, save for an inscription by an unknown hand in pencil ‘117a’ bottom left.

Andrea Fredericksen
June 2004

Supported by The Samuel H. Kress Foundation

Revised by David Blayney Brown
January 2012

Read full Catalogue entry

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