With the sketchbook turned vertically, Turner recorded the spire of the medieval church at Caudebec-en-Caux, Normandy on this page. Above and below this sketch are scratchy and indeterminate pencil markings. Caudebec and its church, of all the Seine valley sights, were the subject of particular study in this sketchbook. For a list of associated sketches, see the entry for folio 17 recto (D23550; Turner Bequest CCLII 17). For examples of the watercolours of this town which Turner worked up with a view to engraved reproduction around this time, see Tate D20235 (Turner Bequest CCXXII B), D24670 (Turner Bequest CCLIX 105), D24760 (Turner Bequest CCLIX 195), and Tate D24818 (Turner Bequest CCLIX 253). These culminated in an engraving in the 1834 volume of Turner’s Annual Tour: Wanderings by the Loire and Seine (1833–5; later reissued as Rivers of France); see Tate impression T05601.