Joseph Mallord William Turner

River Danube Views Copied from Prints: Schloss Wallsee; Burg Werfenstein and the Strudel below Schloss Wörth; Burg Werfenstein

1840

In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 198 × 127 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D30025
Turner Bequest CCXCIX 12 a

Catalogue entry

Turner used this page for three subjects, one above the other. As discussed in the Introduction, Cecilia Powell has noted that fifteen of the views in this sketchbook (folios 10 recto, 11 recto, this page, folios 13 recto and verso; D30020, D30022, D30025–D30027) are thumbnail sketches from existing prints, mostly lithographs by Jakob Alt (1789–1872), likely seen in Turner’s Vienna hotel,1 from Adolf Kunike and Alt’s Donau-Ausichten vom Ursprunge bis zum Ausflusse in Meer (‘Danube views from its source to the sea’), issued between 1819 and the mid 1820s.2 All three of the subjects here appear in direct sketches elsewhere in this book.
At the top is Schloss Wallsee (Alt, plate 64),3 above the south bank of the river at Wallsee-Sindelburg, east of Linz; for Turner’s own drawings on this journey and in 1833, see under folio 8 verso (D30017).
The other two subjects are related, and only inscribed with one place name. In the middle are Burg Werfenstein beyond the Strudel rapids, with Schloss Wörth on its island in the right foreground (Alt, plate 69),4 east of Grein. The rapids no longer exist; for Turner’s sketches, see respectively under folios 31 verso and 32 recto (D30059–D30060). There is a copy of a different print of the scene on folio 13 recto opposite (D30026). The last drawing on the present page is a closer view of Werfenstein alone (Alt, plate 72).5

Matthew Imms
September 2018

1
See Powell 1995, pp.66–7, 81 note 27.
2
See ibid., pp.13, 67, 143, 240.
3
See ibid., p.242.
4
Ibid.
5
Ibid.

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