Joseph Mallord William Turner

The Campo San Vio from the Grand Canal, Venice, between the Palazzo Barbarigo and the Palazzi Loredan-Cini and Balbi Valier

1840

In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite and watercolour on paper
Dimensions
Support: 246 × 307 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D32143
Turner Bequest CCCXVI 6

Catalogue entry

The viewpoint is off the Casa Succi at the entrance to Rio del Santissimo, looking south-south-west across the Grand Canal and along the Campo San Vio, with the Rio di San Vio to its right. At the far left is part of the Palazzo Da Mula Morosini, with the adjoining Palazzo Barbarigo beside the square; its façade since has been decorated with elaborate mosaics. On the right are the Palazzo Loredan-Cini and the first two bays of the Palazzo Balbi Valier. The setting was identified by Ian Warrell,1 who has noted it as a relatively rare case in Turner’s work of Grand Canal frontages seen head-on in the manner of the systematic elevations presented in Dionisio Moretti’s 1820s Prospetto del Canal Grande di Venezia engravings, rather than receding in conventional perspective along both sides.2
Turner’s inscriptions are somewhat elusive. The first seems to be ‘St Julian’ or ‘Julias’; there is a church of San Zulian (sic) elsewhere in the city, north of the Piazza San Marco (St Mark’s Square). The second, towards the bottom right, Finberg tentatively read as ‘Dargang’,3 and while it may be that the middle letter is rather ‘z’, the word and its significance still remain obscure. Only the last, ‘Balbi’, has a clear relationship to the identified buildings. The subject defeated Finberg, and he annotated his 1909 Inventory entry (‘View in Venice. – “St. Julias – Dargang (?) – Balbi (?).”’), crossing out ‘Balbi’ and adding ‘on a side canal’, rather hesitantly placing the subject in the north of the city: ‘? Dardano. [?nr] Ponte Turlona | in Cannaregio’.4
The buildings at the far end of the square are washed in with economically rendered but atmospheric shadow against the contre-jour light of early afternoon, while the scene is enlivened by the introduction of a handful of figures and a gondola; there is a sense of the canalside buildings catching some reflected light from the water. Tate D32138 (Turner Bequest CCCXVI 1), also in this subsection, shows the view east towards Santa Maria della Salute and the canal’s Bacino entrance from about the same viewpoint. Warrell has observed that both subjects are ‘pervaded by a radiant afternoon sunlight ...Watercolour is not used merely to describe form, but also to represent the shadows by which from is defined.’5
1
See Warrell 2003, pp.164, 167.
2
Ibid., p.156.
3
Finberg 1909, II, p.1018.
4
Undated MS note by Finberg (died 1939) in interleaved copy of Finberg 1909, Prints and Drawings Room, Tate Britain, II, p.1018 and opposite.
5
Warrell 2003, p.164.
1
Albeit Peter Bower, Turner’s Later Papers: A Study of the Manufacture, Selection and Use of his Drawing Papers 1820–1851, exhibition catalogue, Tate Gallery, London 1999, p.81, notes that the Muggeridge family had taken over after 1820, still using the ‘C Ansell’ watermark.
2
‘Appendix: The papers used for Turner’s Venetian Watercolours’ (1840, section 2) in Warrell 2003, p.259.
3
Andrew Wilton, J.M.W. Turner: His Life and Work, Fribourg 1979, p.463 no.1356, reproduced.
4
Ibid., p.464 no.1365.
5
Warrell 2003, p.259.

Matthew Imms
September 2018

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