Turner did not generally seek industrial subjects on his 1797 tour, preferring instead to concentrate on the conventionally subjects of ruins and cathedrals. The only sketches which can with any certainty be linked to the industrial processes then transforming the northern landscape are his views of mills, a view of a lead mine near Grasmere, and another of the newly-opened aqueduct at Lancaster. At Rotherham he deliberately selected a view of the parish church that allowed him to exclude the sprawling complex of Walker's Iron Foundry. However, since the factory manufactured munitions, it is possible that this depicts its interior.
Gallery label, September 2004
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