Joseph Mallord William Turner

The Landshut; Half-Timbered Houses at Bernkastel; The Flying Bridge at Bernkastel

1824

In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 118 × 78 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D19758
Turner Bequest CCXVI 105

Catalogue entry

Here Turner portrays the hollowed and weathered remains of the Burg Landshut, a castle constructed in 1277 by Archbishop Heinrich von Vinstingen which was destroyed by a great fire in 1692.1 The castle is pictured here from the Moselle, looming over Bernkastel from atop a precipitous cliff. Boats and river barges such as those sketched on the folio opposite (Tate D19757; Turner Bequest CCXVI 104a) can be seen navigating by the town, their lofty masts rendered in long vertical strokes of the pencil. Below this drawing are two views of Bernkastel: at left Turner records the town’s half-timbered houses crammed together on a narrow street; at right, and orientated horizontally, the artist depicts the flying bridge.
For further drawings of Bernkastel and the Burg Landshut see D19759–D19760, D20176–D20182, D28312–D28313, D28406–D28412; Turner Bequest CCXVI 105a–106, CCXIX 15–21, CCLXXXIX 11a–12, CCXC 28a–31a. See also the highly finished watercolour of Bernkastel on the Mosel (c.1830), developed from Turner’s 1824 sketches of this town and its castle.2

Alice Rylance-Watson
April 2014

2
Andrew Wilton, J.M.W. Turner: His Life and Work, Fribourg 1979, p.465 no.1378; reproduced in colour in Powell 1995, p.108.

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