Joseph Mallord William Turner

The Redentore, Venice, with the Canale della Giudecca to its West

1840

In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite and watercolour on paper
Dimensions
Support: 244 × 310 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D32146
Turner Bequest CCCXVI 9

Catalogue entry

The view is west-north-west along the Canale della Giudecca from between the Redentore and Zitelle churches (the latter being some way behind the viewer), off the Fondamenta della Croce. The Redentore is the most prominent building, seen to the south-west on the left beyond the bridge over the Rio della Croce, while the dome of the Gesuati is the most distinctive feature in the distance on the opposite side. The viewpoint, south of Santa Maria della Salute, is much the same as for two contemporary watercolour views to the north, ranging from the Salute to San Giorgio Maggiore, also included in this subsection (Tate D32139, D32145; Turner Bequest CCCXVI 2, 8).
Finberg later annotated his 1909 Inventory entry (‘The Giudecca, with the “Redentore” and “S. Domenico.”’): ‘looking twds Fusina, raised bridge near Redentore. The ch. opposite the Redentore (on the Zattere) is probably the Gesuati (S. Maria del Rosario) – it was built by the Dominicans who succeeded the Gesuati after 1688’.1 The Turner scholar C.F. Bell concurred, crossing out ‘S. Domenico’ in his copy and noting: ‘actually the Gesuati’.2 Lindsay Stainton later read Turner’s inscriptions, which ‘give the drawing the character of a page from one of the sketchbooks’, as ‘Redentore Ruintore [?] Capella S. Domenico’, inferring that the latter part ‘must be a reference’ to the Gesuati (under which it appears), as ‘the order of the Poveri Gesuati merged with the Dominicans in 1668.’3
Cecilia Powell has commented: ‘the third word ... seems clearly, I think, to be Capuchin rather than Capella: Turner was noting the fact that the [Capuchin] Franciscans [of the Redentore] and the Dominicans looked across the Giudecca canal at each others’ churches!’4 Turner’s second word, looking like ‘Ruintore’, remains elusive, although it may simply have been a garbled first attempt at ‘Redentore’, as written above it.
1
Undated MS note by Finberg (died 1939) in interleaved copy of Finberg 1909, Prints and Drawings Room, Tate Britain, II, opposite p.1018.
2
Undated MS note by Bell (died 1966) in copy of Finberg 1909, Prints and Drawings Room, Tate Britain, II, p.1018.
3
Stainton 1985, p.58.
4
Powell 1985, p.8; see also Warrell 2003, p.183.
Technical notes:
This is one of numerous 1840 Venice works Ian Warrell has noted as on sheets of ‘white paper produced [under the name] Charles Ansell,1 each measuring around 24 x 30 cm, several watermarked with the date “1828”’:2 Tate D32138–D32139, D32141–D32143, D32145–D32147, D32154–D32163, D32167–D32168, D32170–D32177, D35980, D36190 (Turner Bequest CCCXVI 1, 2, 4–6, 8–10, 17–26, 30, 31, 33–40, CCCLXIV 137, 332). Warrell has also observed that The Doge’s Palace and Piazzetta, Venice (National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin)3 and Venice: The New Moon (currently untraced)4 ‘may belong to this group’.5
1
Albeit Peter Bower, Turner’s Later Papers: A Study of the Manufacture, Selection and Use of his Drawing Papers 1820–1851, exhibition catalogue, Tate Gallery, London 1999, p.81, notes that the Muggeridge family had taken over after 1820, still using the ‘C Ansell’ watermark.
2
‘Appendix: The papers used for Turner’s Venetian Watercolours’ (1840, section 2) in Warrell 2003, p.259.
3
Andrew Wilton, J.M.W. Turner: His Life and Work, Fribourg 1979, p.463 no.1356, reproduced.
4
Ibid., p.464 no.1365.
5
Warrell 2003, p.259.

Matthew Imms
July 2018

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