Joseph Mallord William Turner

The Ruins of ?Brougham Castle

1801

Not on display

Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 161 × 256 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D05101
Turner Bequest LXXXII 24

Catalogue entry

The drawing was made with the page turned horizontally. The likely subject, Brougham Castle, a thirteenth–century fortification two miles to the east of Penrith on the banks of the River Eamont, was close to Turner’s route south from Carlisle into Lancashire and with its keep and handsome piles of substantial masonry would have provided an obvious subject for a sketch. Brougham is probably the subject of further studies on folios 25 recto and 26 recto (D05102, D05103).
Turner revisited Brougham in 1809 and made two sketches of the castle in the Vale of Heathfield sketchbook (Tate D10314, D10315; Turner Bequest CXXXVII 70, 71); these resulted in a finished watercolour showing the ruin under a stormy sky with a rainbow (Tate D18147; Turner Bequest CCVIII N),1 engraved for the Rivers of England in 1825 as Brougham Castle, near the Junction of the Rivers Eamont and Lowther (Tate impression: T04809).
1
Andrew Wilton, J.M.W. Turner: His Life and Work, Fribourg 1979, p.385 no.740, reproduced.
Verso:
Blank

Andrew Wilton
May 2013

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