Joseph Mallord William Turner

The Temple of Aphaia at Aegina (‘The Temple of Jupiter in the Island of Aegina’)

c.1816

In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite and watercolour on paper
Dimensions
Support: 197 x 294 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Bequeathed by Henry Vaughan 1900
Reference
D08173
Turner Bequest CXVIII S

Display caption

Known to Turner as the Temple of Jupiter Panhellenius, the great Doric temple at Aegina is now recognised as dedicated to the mother-goddess Aphaia. It was excavated by an Anglo-German team, including the architect C.R. Cockerell, in 1811. Turner was given a drawing of it by Byron's schoolfriend and fellow-student, Henry Gally Knight, and used it as the basis of paintings and drawings including this unused design for his compendium of landscape types, the 'Liber Studiorum'.

Gallery label, August 2004

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