After studying painting and sculpture in the 1970s at the University of California, Los Angeles, Chicago was the first artist to launch a feminist art programme. Her goal has been to create a place for female-centred imagery and to overcome the erasure of women’s achievements in art and society.

Chicago’s most influential work is the iconic installation The Dinner Party (1974–9), which today is a permanent exhibition at the Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art at the Brooklyn Museum.