We are grateful to AnnMarie Perl for her development of this project, and to Eugenia Bogdanova-Kummer for her valuable contribution to the research.

AnnMarie Perl would like to thank Calvin Brown, Jennifer Field and Anne McCauley for sharing their knowledge of printmaking and photography, and Julia Bailey, Alex J. Taylor, Celia White and the anonymous peer reviewer of this manuscript for their feedback at various stages of this project. She would also like to thank Rufus Zogbaum for his permission to access and quote from the Elisabeth Zogbaum papers regarding Franz Kline that are held in the Archives of American Art at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

This project belongs to a series of In Focus studies commissioned as part of Refiguring American Art, a major research project generously supported by the Terra Foundation for American Art.

Dr AnnMarie Perl, Lecturer, Modern and Contemporary, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University
Dr Eugenia Bogdanova-Kummer, Postdoctoral Research Associate, Department of Russian and East Asian Languages and Cultures, Emory University

Series editor: Jennifer Mundy, Head of Collection Research, Tate
Commissioning editor: Alex J. Taylor, Terra Foundation Research Fellow in American Art, Tate
Project manager: Julia Bailey, Terra Foundation for American Art Research Project Manager, Tate
Project editor: Celia White, Collection Research Editor, Tate
Digital editor: Susannah Worth, Digital Editor (Research), Tate

ISBN 978-1-84976-547-3