Glenn Ligon, ‘Condition Report’ 2000
Glenn Ligon, Condition Report 2000 . Lent by the American Fund for the Tate Gallery 2007 . © Glenn Ligon; courtesy Thomas Dane Gallery, London

Democracies

21.9.1971

Rita Donagh, 21.9.1971  1972

Since the 1960s, Donagh’s work has dealt with turbulent political history, particularly in Northern Ireland. She has often used crosses and intersecting lines in her work. She wrote: ‘I hoped by using abstract signs and conventions of perspective, to find equivalents for experience and feeling, while at the same time conveying precise information about a particular time and place’. 21.9.1971 features elements from the artist’s environment. The postcard shows the East London street where the work was made. Studio floorboards appear as rubbings on the paper. This work also relates to events that took place in the USA in May 1971 when four students were killed by the National Guard at Kent State University during an anti-war protest.

Gallery label, May 2019

© Rita Donagh

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artworks in Democracies

Condition Report

Glenn Ligon, Condition Report  2000

Untitled (I Am a Man), a 1988 painting by Ligon, takes its text from signs carried by striking black sanitation workers in Memphis in 1968. The slogan ‘I Am a Man’ was a way of protesting that they were equal to their white counterparts, who were paid more for doing the same job. Here Ligon juxtaposes a reproduction of the 1988 painting with another that has been annotated by a conservator making a condition report on the work. The imperfections noted might simultaneously be read as a questioning of the self as well as recording the frailties of the object.

Gallery label, June 2010

© Glenn Ligon; courtesy Thomas Dane Gallery, London

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artworks in Democracies

Untitled (Boy running with barrel)

Adam Broomberg, Oliver Chanarin, Untitled (Boy running with barrel)  2010

© Adam Broomberg & Oliver Chanarin

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artworks in Democracies

Untitled (People saluting)

Adam Broomberg, Oliver Chanarin, Untitled (People saluting)  2010

© Adam Broomberg & Oliver Chanarin

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artworks in Democracies

Untitled (Chair balancing on stick)

Adam Broomberg, Oliver Chanarin, Untitled (Chair balancing on stick)  Date not known

© Adam Broomberg & Oliver Chanarin

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artworks in Democracies

Untitled (Car on fire)

Adam Broomberg, Oliver Chanarin, Untitled (Car on fire)  2010

© Adam Broomberg & Oliver Chanarin

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artworks in Democracies

Untitled (Riots shields in the high street)

Adam Broomberg, Oliver Chanarin, Untitled (Riots shields in the high street)  2010

© Adam Broomberg & Oliver Chanarin

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artworks in Democracies

Untitled (Girl looking)

Adam Broomberg, Oliver Chanarin, Untitled (Girl looking)  2010

© Adam Broomberg & Oliver Chanarin

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I want a president

9/21
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Sorry, copyright restrictions prevent us from showing this object here

Xiao Lu, Dialogue  1989, remade 2015

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artworks in Democracies

Untitled (Right arm)

Adam Broomberg, Oliver Chanarin, Untitled (Right arm)  2010

© Adam Broomberg & Oliver Chanarin

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Untitled (Boy on tip toes)

Adam Broomberg, Oliver Chanarin, Untitled (Boy on tip toes)  2010

© Adam Broomberg & Oliver Chanarin

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artworks in Democracies

All Schools Should be Art Schools

Bob and Roberta Smith, All Schools Should be Art Schools  2016

All Schools Should Be Art Schools 2016 consists of twenty-eight placard signs, each of which is made of a square sheet of wood pinned to a wooden stake. Each sign is painted with a different capital letter on a blue background to fill the square. The letters have been variously painted in purple, green, cream and red and all are drawn in an angular style save for one ‘S’, the final letter of the work, which is curvilinear. The letter forms are outlined in yellow, cream or white and emphasised by drop shadows. Together they spell out the slogan and title of the work, ‘All Schools Should Be Art Schools’. The back of each board is unpainted bears a letter (corresponding to the letter painted on the front) and a number which indicates the order in which the panels should be installed.

© Bob and Roberta Smith

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The Carrot Piece

Lubaina Himid, The Carrot Piece  1985

The Carrot Piece shows a white man failing to tempt a black woman with a carrot. Her arms are already full with everything she needs. Himid says that when the work was made, cultural institutions ‘needed to be seen’ to be integrating black people into their programmes and ‘we as black women understood how we were being patronised ... to be cajoled and distracted by silly games and pointless offers. We understood, but we knew what sustained us… and what we really needed to make a positive cultural contribution: self-belief, inherited wisdom, education and love.’

Gallery label, July 2017

© Lubaina Himid

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Untitled (Fountain)

Adam Broomberg, Oliver Chanarin, Untitled (Fountain)  2010

© Adam Broomberg & Oliver Chanarin

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artworks in Democracies

Untitled (Two women hiding)

Adam Broomberg, Oliver Chanarin, Untitled (Two women hiding)  2010

© Adam Broomberg & Oliver Chanarin

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artworks in Democracies

Untitled (Balloons escaping)

Adam Broomberg, Oliver Chanarin, Untitled (Balloons escaping)  2010

© Adam Broomberg & Oliver Chanarin

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The state

Richard Hamilton, The state  1993

Hamilton’s image of a patrolling British soldier expresses the unease of the army’s equivocal position in Northern Ireland. Brandishing a weapon, yet moving protectively backwards, he is both on the offensive and defensive. The rural Irish landscape and city streets behind him pose equal threats. Hamilton has incorporated real fabric into the soldier’s fatigues, merging pictorial representation and reality. The construction of images through costume and artifice has been a consistent concern in Hamilton's works.

Gallery label, November 2006

© The estate of Richard Hamilton

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18/21
artworks in Democracies

affirm/deny

Rita Donagh, affirm/deny  1972

Since the 1960s, Donagh’s work has dealt with turbulent political history, particularly in Northern Ireland. She has often used crosses and intersecting lines in her work. She wrote: ‘I hoped by using abstract signs and conventions of perspective, to find equivalents for experience and feeling, while at the same time conveying precise information about a particular time and place’. 21.9.1971 also features elements from the artist’s environment. The postcard shows the East London street where the work was made. Studio floorboards appear as rubbings on the paper. Both works relate to events that took place in the USA in May 1971 when four students were killed by the National Guard at Kent State University during an anti-war protest.

Gallery label, May 2019

© Rita Donagh

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19/21
artworks in Democracies

Democracies

Artur Zmijewski, Democracies  2009

Aiming to blend into the crowd as much as possible, Zmijewski and his cameramen filmed a series of politically charged gatherings, including demonstrations, military parades and memorial services. Many of the events are extreme right-wing and nationalistic, reflecting what the artist sees as a general cultural shift in Europe. ‘I was less interested in the rightness or justice of the cause’, Zmijewski has said, ‘but more in this inner drive that moves people to debate, to publicly show their own needs, demands, requests, opinions – and to defend them with their own presence’.

Gallery label, November 2015

© Artur Zmijewski; Forsal Gallery Foundation; Galerie Peter Kilchmann

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20/21
artworks in Democracies

The Parthenon of Books

Marta Minujín, The Parthenon of Books  1983

The Parthenon of Books 1983 is the documentary record of a project by Marta Minujín in which she reconstructed the classical Greek temple of the Parthenon from the Acropolis in Athens out of books. In its current form the work consists of five black and white photographs showing various stages of the construction of the temple and a video recording the event and public reaction to it. The photographs are unique prints.

© Marta Minujín

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Art in this room

21.9.1971
Rita Donagh 21.9.1971 1972
Condition Report
Glenn Ligon Condition Report 2000
Untitled (Boy running with barrel)
Adam Broomberg, Oliver Chanarin Untitled (Boy running with barrel) 2010
Untitled (People saluting)
Adam Broomberg, Oliver Chanarin Untitled (People saluting) 2010
Untitled (Chair balancing on stick)
Adam Broomberg, Oliver Chanarin Untitled (Chair balancing on stick) Date not known
Untitled (Car on fire)
Adam Broomberg, Oliver Chanarin Untitled (Car on fire) 2010

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At Tate Liverpool