Jiro Takamatsu, ‘Oneness of Cedar’ 1970
Jiro Takamatsu, Oneness of Cedar 1970 . Tate . © Estate of Jiro Takamatsu, courtesy Yumiko Chiba Associates, Tokyo

Room 5 in Materials and Objects

A View From Tokyo: Between Man and Matter

Breath 5

Giuseppe Penone, Breath 5  1978

The clay is modelled on the imagined shape of a breath of air, exhaled from the artist’s mouth. At the top is the form of the interior of Penone’s mouth, squeezed into the clay. The impression along the side of the clay is of the artist’s leg, wearing jeans, as he leans forward. Penone has made many works concerning the impression of man on nature. For Breath Penone has spoken of the influence of mythological explanations of the creation of man.

Gallery label, January 2016

© Archivio Penone

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Last Ladder

Carl Andre, Last Ladder  1959

One of Andre’s early carvings, Last Ladder was made by cutting a series of concave forms into a rough-hewn beam of wood that had been salvaged from a construction site. Andre intended his cutting to reveal the distinctive qualities of this raw material. He later said of this sculpture: ‘the wood was better before I cut it than after. I did not improve it in any way.’

Gallery label, January 2016

© Carl Andre/VAGA, New York and DACS, London 2020

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Untitled

Jannis Kounellis, Untitled  1968

This work was made at the time of Kounellis’s first involvement with arte povera. The carefully dyed but loosely wrapped hanks of uncarded wool epitomise Kounellis’s choice of simple materials at this time. Linked with arte povera’s exploration of basic media, they also suggest Kounellis’s attraction to earlier civilisations. Although he had abandoned painting at this stage in his career, he later suggested that the structure of this work had been partly inspired by Jackson Pollock, with the hanging wool teased out to mimic dripped paint.

Gallery label, October 2013

© Jannis Kounellis

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Relatum

Lee Ufan, Relatum  1968, 1994

Lee Ufan’s sculptural works focus on the essential character and presence of their materials and their interconnections. Here he uses a single material – one hundred flat bands of stainless steel – and explores how the different elements relate to one another and to the space in which they are arranged. He has explained: ‘a work of art, rather than being a self-complete, independent entity, is a resonant relationship with the outside. It exists together with the world, simultaneously what it is and what it is not, that is, a relatum.’

Gallery label, January 2016

© Lee Ufan

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From Surface to Surface

Susumu Koshimizu, From Surface to Surface  1971, remade 1986

Koshimizu investigates the substance of wood by sawing planks into different shapes, exposing their surface qualities through different kinds of repetitive cuts. Koshimizu was part of Mono Ha (‘School of Things’), which reacted against the embrace of technology and visual trickery in mid-1960s Japanese art. They sought to understand ‘the world as it is’ by exploring the essential properties of materials, often combining organic and industrial objects and processes.

Gallery label, January 2016

© Susumu Koshimizu

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Oneness of Concrete

Jiro Takamatsu, Oneness of Concrete  1971

These works belong to Takamatsu’s Oneness series in which he explored the complexity and resonances of individual everyday materials. Takamatsu chose a single material and manipulated it, demonstrating its transformative potential as well as its uniqueness. For the artist this process was a means to achieve a ‘more total relation’ with the particular substance. The series can be read as Takamatsu’s comment on the rapid industrialisation in Japan in the post-war period, a time when traditional relationships to the natural world were overtaken by the development of consumer culture.

Gallery label, January 2016

© Estate of Jiro Takamatsu, courtesy Yumiko Chiba Associates, Tokyo

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Terracotta Circle

Gilberto Zorio, Terracotta Circle  1969

Terracotta Circle looks back to ancient Greek and Roman ideas about human proportion. The diameter is based on the artist’s arm-span. The circle was moulded as he moved around at floor level. The work also marks out the height of the body, as a glass platform with a thin layer of lead hangs at head height. Many of Zorio’s early sculptures explored energy and change. He created works in which crystals grew on metallic structures, substances altered colour when damp and painted surfaces glowed under ultra-violet lights.

Gallery label, February 2020

© Gilberto Zorio

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Oneness of Cedar

Jiro Takamatsu, Oneness of Cedar  1970

These works belong to Takamatsu’s Oneness series in which he explored the complexity and resonances of individual everyday materials. Takamatsu chose a single material and manipulated it, demonstrating its transformative potential as well as its uniqueness. For the artist this process was a means to achieve a ‘more total relation’ with the particular substance. The series can be read as Takamatsu’s comment on the rapid industrialisation in Japan in the post-war period, a time when traditional relationships to the natural world were overtaken by the development of consumer culture.

Gallery label, January 2016

© Estate of Jiro Takamatsu, courtesy Yumiko Chiba Associates, Tokyo

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Airpipe C

Noriyuki Haraguchi, Airpipe C  1969

Haraguchi is from Yokosuka, the primary US naval base in Japan during the Vietnam War. He has said he came to understand ‘the true nature of creativity’ after watching a jet fighter being transported onto the naval base in 1968. He handcrafted a full-scale reproduction of the jet’s tail and made a related series of Airpipe constructions that resemble the jet engine exhausts. Bulging out from the wall, this piece demonstrates Haraguchi’s ability to combine a minimalist sculptural vocabulary with the aesthetics of militarism and heavy industry, raising questions about the environment, modernisation and war.

Gallery label, January 2016

© Noriyuki Haraguchi

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Jannis Kounellis, The 10th Tokyo Biennale ‘70 - Between Man and Matter

Shigeo Anzai, Jannis Kounellis, The 10th Tokyo Biennale ‘70 - Between Man and Matter  1970, printed 2015

This is one of a group of fifteen black and white photographs in Tate’s collection by Japanese photographer Shigeo Anzaï that document the activities and works of certain artists included in the 10th Tokyo Biennale, entitled Between Man and Matter, at the Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum in 1970 (Tate P14404–P14418). The artists whose work is represented in this group are: Christo, Jannis Kounellis, Giuseppe Penone, Richard Serra, Sol LeWitt, Daniel Buren, Klaus Rinke, Hans Haacke, Monika Baumgartl and Jiro Takamatsu. Anzaï printed the majority of these photographs in the 1970s, with a few being made as more recent editions in 2015. All the photographs are signed by Anzaï on the front and inscribed with the name of the artist whose work is shown. Some of the works are multi-part works comprising either two (Tate P14404 and P14406)) or four (Tate P14417) separate photographs presented together in one frame.

© Anzai

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Hans Haacke, The 10th Tokyo Biennale ‘70 - Between Man and Matter

Shigeo Anzai, Hans Haacke, The 10th Tokyo Biennale ‘70 - Between Man and Matter  1970, printed 2015

This is one of a group of fifteen black and white photographs in Tate’s collection by Japanese photographer Shigeo Anzaï that document the activities and works of certain artists included in the 10th Tokyo Biennale, entitled Between Man and Matter, at the Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum in 1970 (Tate P14404–P14418). The artists whose work is represented in this group are: Christo, Jannis Kounellis, Giuseppe Penone, Richard Serra, Sol LeWitt, Daniel Buren, Klaus Rinke, Hans Haacke, Monika Baumgartl and Jiro Takamatsu. Anzaï printed the majority of these photographs in the 1970s, with a few being made as more recent editions in 2015. All the photographs are signed by Anzaï on the front and inscribed with the name of the artist whose work is shown. Some of the works are multi-part works comprising either two (Tate P14404 and P14406)) or four (Tate P14417) separate photographs presented together in one frame.

© Anzai

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Monika Baumgartl, The 10th Tokyo Biennale ‘70 - Between Man and Matter

Shigeo Anzai, Monika Baumgartl, The 10th Tokyo Biennale ‘70 - Between Man and Matter  1970, printed 1970s

This is one of a group of fifteen black and white photographs in Tate’s collection by Japanese photographer Shigeo Anzaï that document the activities and works of certain artists included in the 10th Tokyo Biennale, entitled Between Man and Matter, at the Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum in 1970 (Tate P14404–P14418). The artists whose work is represented in this group are: Christo, Jannis Kounellis, Giuseppe Penone, Richard Serra, Sol LeWitt, Daniel Buren, Klaus Rinke, Hans Haacke, Monika Baumgartl and Jiro Takamatsu. Anzaï printed the majority of these photographs in the 1970s, with a few being made as more recent editions in 2015. All the photographs are signed by Anzaï on the front and inscribed with the name of the artist whose work is shown. Some of the works are multi-part works comprising either two (Tate P14404 and P14406)) or four (Tate P14417) separate photographs presented together in one frame.

© Anzai

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Shigeo Anzai, Sol LeWitt, The 10th Tokyo Biennale ‘70 - Between Man and Matter  1970, printed 1970s

This is one of a group of fifteen black and white photographs in Tate’s collection by Japanese photographer Shigeo Anzaï that document the activities and works of certain artists included in the 10th Tokyo Biennale, entitled Between Man and Matter, at the Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum in 1970 (Tate P14404–P14418). The artists whose work is represented in this group are: Christo, Jannis Kounellis, Giuseppe Penone, Richard Serra, Sol LeWitt, Daniel Buren, Klaus Rinke, Hans Haacke, Monika Baumgartl and Jiro Takamatsu. Anzaï printed the majority of these photographs in the 1970s, with a few being made as more recent editions in 2015. All the photographs are signed by Anzaï on the front and inscribed with the name of the artist whose work is shown. Some of the works are multi-part works comprising either two (Tate P14404 and P14406)) or four (Tate P14417) separate photographs presented together in one frame.

13/15
artworks in A View From Tokyo: Between Man and Matter

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Shigeo Anzai, Daniel Buren, The 10th Tokyo Biennale ‘70 - Between Man and Matter  1970, printed 1970s

This is one of a group of fifteen black and white photographs in Tate’s collection by Japanese photographer Shigeo Anzaï that document the activities and works of certain artists included in the 10th Tokyo Biennale, entitled Between Man and Matter, at the Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum in 1970 (Tate P14404–P14418). The artists whose work is represented in this group are: Christo, Jannis Kounellis, Giuseppe Penone, Richard Serra, Sol LeWitt, Daniel Buren, Klaus Rinke, Hans Haacke, Monika Baumgartl and Jiro Takamatsu. Anzaï printed the majority of these photographs in the 1970s, with a few being made as more recent editions in 2015. All the photographs are signed by Anzaï on the front and inscribed with the name of the artist whose work is shown. Some of the works are multi-part works comprising either two (Tate P14404 and P14406)) or four (Tate P14417) separate photographs presented together in one frame.

14/15
artworks in A View From Tokyo: Between Man and Matter

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Shigeo Anzai, Richard Serra, The 10th Tokyo Biennale ‘70 - Between Man and Matter  1970, printed 1970s

This is one of a group of fifteen black and white photographs in Tate’s collection by Japanese photographer Shigeo Anzaï that document the activities and works of certain artists included in the 10th Tokyo Biennale, entitled Between Man and Matter, at the Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum in 1970 (Tate P14404–P14418). The artists whose work is represented in this group are: Christo, Jannis Kounellis, Giuseppe Penone, Richard Serra, Sol LeWitt, Daniel Buren, Klaus Rinke, Hans Haacke, Monika Baumgartl and Jiro Takamatsu. Anzaï printed the majority of these photographs in the 1970s, with a few being made as more recent editions in 2015. All the photographs are signed by Anzaï on the front and inscribed with the name of the artist whose work is shown. Some of the works are multi-part works comprising either two (Tate P14404 and P14406)) or four (Tate P14417) separate photographs presented together in one frame.

15/15
artworks in A View From Tokyo: Between Man and Matter

Art in this room

Breath 5
Giuseppe Penone Breath 5 1978
Last Ladder
Carl Andre Last Ladder 1959
Untitled
Jannis Kounellis Untitled 1968
Relatum
Lee Ufan Relatum 1968, 1994
From Surface to Surface
Susumu Koshimizu From Surface to Surface 1971, remade 1986
Oneness of Concrete
Jiro Takamatsu Oneness of Concrete 1971

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