Guerrilla Girls, Guerrilla Girls’ Pop Quiz 1990 . Tate . © courtesy www.guerrillagirls.com

Room 4 in Media Networks

Feminism and media

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Guerrilla Girls, Top Ten Signs That You’re an Art World Token  1995

Guerrilla Girls Portfolio Compleat Update 1991–2012 is a portfolio of works produced between 1991 and 2012 by the anonymous collective of American female artists known as the Guerilla Girls. It contains fifty-four poster projects of variable dimensions – twenty-six black and white offset lithographs on paper and twenty-eight colour digital prints on paper – alongside a printed plastic bag, three sheets of stickers and two issues of the newsletter Hot Flashes from 1994 (vol.1, nos.2 and 3, and vol.1, no.4). The portfolio also includes three books produced between 1998 and 2012 – The Guerrilla Girls’ Bedside Companion to the History of Western Art, Bitches Bimbos and Ballbreakers: The Guerrilla Girls’ Illustrated Guide to Female Stereotypes and The Guerrilla Girls’ Art Museum Activity Book – as well as their most recent text, The Hysterical Herstory of Hysteria and How It Was Cured, in digital form on compact disc in advance of publication. Two of the black and white prints are accompanied by postcards addressed to Thomas Krens and Margit Rowell – former director of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York and chief curator at the Museum of Modern Art, New York respectively – that the public were encouraged to fill in and post as a sign of support for the Guerrilla Girls project. This version of the portfolio has been uniquely compiled for Tate to complement its existing holdings (Guerrilla Girls Talk Back [Tate P78788–P78817], a portfolio of thirty posters produced between 1985 and 1990), and each work is an artists’ proof aside from the edition of fifty.

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artworks in Feminism and media

Guerrilla Girls, The Advantages Of Being A Woman Artist  1988

The Guerrilla Girls are an anonymous group of activist artists who highlight sexism and racism in the art world. They formed in 1985 in New York City, USA. Shortly after, their posters appeared overnight in the streets of the New York art district of SoHo. The group’s targets included artists, gallery owners, and museums. Over the years their focus has widened to include other areas of inequality. The Guerrilla Girls wear gorilla masks in public and use pseudonyms. They continue to expose discrimination and to produce new provocative posters. Their work now includes books, videos and workshops in schools, colleges and art institutions.

Gallery label, August 2021

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artworks in Feminism and media

Guerrilla Girls, Women In America Earn Only 2/3 Of What Men Do  1985

Formed in 1985, the Guerrilla Girls are an anonymous activist group who highlight discrimination in the art world. Their targets include museums, dealers, curators and art critics. They fly-posted their first posters overnight in the fashionable New York art district of SoHo, and have also displayed their work as advertisements on city buses. Over the years their attacks on sexism have widened to other areas of social, racial and gender-based inequality. The Guerrilla Girls wear gorilla masks for public appearances and use the names of famous deceased artists and writers as pseudonyms.

Gallery label, February 2016

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artworks in Feminism and media

Guerrilla Girls, Guerrilla Girls’ Pop Quiz  1990

Formed in 1985, the Guerrilla Girls are an anonymous activist group who highlight discrimination in the art world. Their targets include museums, dealers, curators and art critics. They fly-posted their first posters overnight in the fashionable New York art district of SoHo, and have also displayed their work as advertisements on city buses. Over the years their attacks on sexism have widened to other areas of social, racial and gender-based inequality. The Guerrilla Girls wear gorilla masks for public appearances and use the names of famous deceased artists and writers as pseudonyms.

Gallery label, February 2016

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artworks in Feminism and media

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Billie Zangewa, Date Night  2017

Zangewa’s hand-stitched wall hangings show mundane and intimate moments of daily life. She uses her drawings as patterns to create these pieces, destroying them in the process. Though autobiographical, they show common, shared experiences with which viewers can easily identify. Here the artist is seen in her bathtub, with a glass of red wine and a tablet showing a scene from the TV series Game of Thrones propped up on the toilet seat. She is having a ‘date night’ with herself: a private moment of feminist self-affirmation.

Gallery label, July 2019

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artworks in Feminism and media

Mary Beth Edelson, Selected Wall Collages  1972–2011

To make these 143 collages, Edelson used found images from a range of different sources. These include ancient mythology, art history, popular culture and nature photography. Artists Georgia O’Keeffe and Lee Krasner appear alongside the ancient Greek trickster-goddess Baubo, Botticelli’s Venus, model and singer Grace Jones and former First Lady of the United States, Michelle Obama. Many of the images come from Edelson’s research into the figure of the goddess as a creative force, bridging nature and humanity. The power of the goddess is represented in the overall shape of a wave.

Gallery label, July 2019

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artworks in Feminism and media

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Joan Jonas, Organic Honey’s Visual Telepathy  1972

This video is based on a 1972 performance, the first in which Joan Jonas used a mix of pre-recorded and live video images. Here Jonas acts both as a woman in neutral clothes (herself) and as a hyper-feminine character called Organic Honey. The character appears to be obsessed with her own image, multiplied by mirrors and video effects. This work is typical of Jonas’s interest in ritual gestures, as well as in the use of masks, symbolic objects and the act of drawing.

Gallery label, August 2020

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artworks in Feminism and media

Guerrilla Girls, We Sell White Bread  1987

This is one of thirty posters published in a portfolio entitled Guerrilla Girls Talk Back by the group of anonymous American female artists who call themselves the Guerrilla Girls. Tate’s copy is number twelve in the edition of fifty.

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artworks in Feminism and media

Guerrilla Girls, Guerrilla Girls’ 1986 Report Card  1986

Formed in 1985, the Guerrilla Girls are an anonymous activist group who highlight discrimination in the art world. Their targets include museums, dealers, curators and art critics. They fly-posted their first posters overnight in the fashionable New York art district of SoHo, and have also displayed their work as advertisements on city buses. Over the years their attacks on sexism have widened to other areas of social, racial and gender-based inequality. The Guerrilla Girls wear gorilla masks for public appearances and use the names of famous deceased artists and writers as pseudonyms.

Gallery label, February 2016

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artworks in Feminism and media

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Sanja Ivekovic, Double Life: 1975 and “Amica” September 1962  1975

In this work an advertisement from a women’s fashion magazine is presented alongside a photograph of the artist. Ivekovic’s actions and poses appear to mimic those in the found pages, but the photographs were in fact taken months or even years before the magazines were published. Part of a series called Double Life, originally published as an artist’s book, the work suggests the impact of media imagery on women’s lives. It also highlights the disparity between such advertisements and everyday life.

Gallery label, January 2022

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artworks in Feminism and media

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Sanja Ivekovic, Double Life: September 1975 and “Marie Claire” 1975  1975

In this work an advertisement from a women’s fashion magazine is presented alongside a photograph of the artist. Ivekovic’s actions and poses appear to mimic those in the found pages, but the photographs were in fact taken months or even years before the magazines were published. Part of a series called Double Life, originally published as an artist’s book, the work suggests the impact of media imagery on women’s lives. It also highlights the disparity between such advertisements and everyday life.

Gallery label, January 2022

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artworks in Feminism and media

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Sanja Ivekovic, Double Life: September 1975 and “Marie Claire”  1975

In this work an advertisement from a women’s fashion magazine is presented alongside a photograph of the artist. Ivekovic’s actions and poses appear to mimic those in the found pages, but the photographs were in fact taken months or even years before the magazines were published. Part of a series called Double Life, originally published as an artist’s book, the work suggests the impact of media imagery on women’s lives. It also highlights the disparity between such advertisements and everyday life.

Gallery label, January 2022

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artworks in Feminism and media

Art in this room

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Guerrilla Girls Top Ten Signs That You’re an Art World Token 1995
P78796: The Advantages Of Being A Woman Artist
Guerrilla Girls The Advantages Of Being A Woman Artist 1988
P78814: Women In America Earn Only 2/3 Of What Men Do
Guerrilla Girls Women In America Earn Only 2/3 Of What Men Do 1985
P78815: Guerrilla Girls’ Pop Quiz
Guerrilla Girls Guerrilla Girls’ Pop Quiz 1990

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Billie Zangewa Date Night 2017
T14987: Selected Wall Collages
Mary Beth Edelson Selected Wall Collages 1972–2011

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