Wifredo Lam, ‘[no title]’ 1975–6
Wifredo Lam
[no title] 1975–6
Tate
© ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2019

The term comes from the word creole, used to describe people born in the New World as opposed to those who were African-born slaves. The idea of creolisation gained prominence during the Second World War, when scholars, such as the Martinique poet and politician Aimé Césaire wrote about the ambiguities of Caribbean life and the cultural identity of black Africans in a colonial setting. In this respect, creolisation can be related to Négritude. Today the term creolisation is sometimes used to describe the cultural complexity of the world we live in and of the many diverse societies that exist within it.