John White Abbott

Tree Study, Fordland

c.1825–40

Not on display

Artist
John White Abbott 1763–1851
Medium
Oil paint on canvas
Dimensions
Frame: 1000 × 800 × 85 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Presented by Richard Stephens in memory of his father, Brian Thomas Stephens, 2017
Reference
T14834

Summary

This small oil painting shows a secluded woodland scene not far from Exeter in Devon, in the south west of England. The scene is deliberately dark, evoking the example of the celebrated seventeenth-century Dutch landscape painter Jacob van Ruisdael (1628/9?–1682). As in Ruisdael’s paintings, the scene appears unassuming and commonplace; visual interest is created by intricate and twisting natural forms and the subtle play of light, with sunlight breaking through a narrow gap in the trees to illuminate the fallen tree trunk and glittering stream below.

The painting is characteristic of John White Abbott’s later work. He spent his working life in Exeter in Devon, where he was an apothecary (dispensing chemist) and surgeon, but took a keen amateur interest in art. He took lessons from the innovative Exeter-based landscape painter Francis Towne (1739–1816), probably since childhood, and absorbed his teacher’s style and approach to art, becoming one of his most celebrated pupils. Although he always lived in Devon, White Abbott exhibited at the Royal Academy in London from 1793–1805, as well as in 1810 and 1822, gaining a reputation as an artist. His oil paintings are scarcer than his works on paper, although as the scholar Paul Oppé noted, ‘It was as a painter in oils that White Abbott gained his contemporary reputation.’ (Oppé 1924–5, p.70.) An art manual of 1821 placed ‘the tasteful landscapes of Mr Abbott, of Exeter’ in a tradition of landscape painters including Claude Lorraine, Ruisdael, Thomas Gainsborough and Richard Wilson, all of whom painted ‘as much as possible with thin and transparent colours’ particularly in ‘the painting of the trees, and, above all, to such parts of them as come against a light part of the sky, or as shew the effect of light, passing through the foliage.’ (W.M. Craig, A Course of Lectures on Drawing, Painting, and Engraving, London 1821, p.275).

In 1825, at the age of sixty-two, White Abbott inherited property at Fordland in Devon, and retired there to live the life of a country gentleman. This painting is one of a series of drawings and oil paintings showing the scenery of Fordland produced during this rural retirement, many featuring dark woodland and dominated by long and twisting tree trunks as seen here. Although this work is not dated, it bears the artist’s monogram, ‘JWA’, at the bottom edge in the centre, a device which he used from the 1820s. Dated examples of his Fordland scenes range from 1826–42, so the painting seems likely to have been executed within that period.

Further reading
A.P. Oppé, ‘John White Abbott of Exeter (1763–1851)’, The Walpole Society, vol.13, 1924–5, pp.67–84.
Richard Stephens, ‘John White Abbott’, in A Catalogue Raisonné of Francis Towne (1739–1816), London 2016, http://dx.doi.org/10.17658/towne/s5e2, accessed December 2016.

Martin Myrone
December 2016

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