Joseph Mallord William Turner

Copies of Italian Paintings; and Notes by James Hakewill on Florence and Parma


In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Pen and ink on paper
Support: 310 × 215 mm
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Turner Bequest CCCLXVIII B

Catalogue entry

This loose sheet contains extensive inscriptions by James Hakewill (1778–1843), an architect and artist with whom Turner collaborated on an engraving project, the Picturesque Tour of Italy, in 1818–19, just prior to Turner’s first tour of Italy.1 For a more detailed discussion see the introduction to the Route to Rome sketchbook (Tate; Turner Bequest CLXXI). Hakewill’s notes pertain to recommended sights and works of art in Florence and Parma, both of which Turner passed through en route during his homeward journey from Rome in 1819–20. The inscriptions read as follows:
Chiesa della Nunziata – Andrea del Sarto in the cloisters – | Chapel “dei Carmelitani” Masaccio | Tomb in Santa Croce | M. Angelo’s House | Corsini | Ricardi | Cathedral – Bronze doors at the baptistery adjoining ^near (Ghiberti) – Campanile or belfry of variegated marble by Giotto – | Statue before the Palazzo Vecchio – John di Bologna – Baccio Bandinelli – | M. Angelo – B. Cellini &c &c – | Medici chapel full of M. Angelo’s works – | Parma | The Academy Correggio – St Jerome, Descent from the Cross, Madonna della Scodella | a beautiful unfinished Fresco Madonna [...] – | Cinque Santi by Raffael – Funeral | of Madonna & another great painter Ludovico Carracci – A Madonna crowned | by Christ a fragment of fresco brot [sic] from St John’s by Correggio – The Theatre | wt the Church of St John. An immense Fresco over the choir by Annibal | Carracci [...] Correggio whose work was destroyed when the choir was destroyed | A St John small – | by Correggio to the left & there are three small frescos | by Parmiggiano under the arch of the first and second chapel on the left – | at the church of the Steccada [sic] the Moses of Parmiggiano (one of Gray’s | models for The Bard) on the left hand opposite the organ – point of | sight from nearly the centre of the church. In an angle over an arch | Convent of the St Paul The Diana &c... Correggio – At the Annunziata | an annunciation. Corregio nearly obliterated – | Palazzo dei Giardini – by the Carracci – | Palace in the city – fine modern theatre on antique model. Antiquities found in | the buried ancient town of Velleia. –
For a full account of the collaboration see Cecilia Powell, ‘Topography, Imagination and Travel: Turner’s Relationship with James Hakewill’, Art History, vol.5, no.4, December 1982, pp.408–25.

Nicola Moorby
May 2011

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