In Focus


We are grateful to John R. Blakinger for his development of this project, and to James Nisbet and Randall Edwards for their valuable contributions to the research.

John R. Blakinger would like to thank Alex J. Taylor for initiating this project, James Nisbet and Randall Edwards for contributing to it, Julia Bailey for seeing it to completion, and Celia White and Christopher Griffin for their editorial support. He would also like to thank Amy Plumb Oppenheim for generously sharing archival materials as well as her deep knowledge and expertise.

This project belongs to a series of In Focus studies commissioned as part of Refiguring American Art, a major research project generously supported by the Terra Foundation for American Art.

Dr John R. Blakinger, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Southern California
Dr James Nisbet, Associate Professor of Art History, University of California, Irvine
Randall Edwards, doctoral candidate, City University of New York

Series editor: Jennifer Mundy, Head of Collection Research, Tate
Commissioning editor: Alex Taylor, Terra Foundation Research Fellow in American Art, Tate
Project manager: Julia Bailey, Terra Foundation for American Art Research Project Manager, Tate
Project editor: Celia White, Collection Research Editor, Tate
Digital editor: Susannah Worth, Digital Editor (Research), Tate

ISBN 978-1-84976-550-3