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First Encounters with Rauschenberg: Mark Bradford

Mark Bradford

The Los Angeles-based artist Mark Bradford, who represents his country at the 2017 Venice Biennale and is known as much for his social activism as his painting, cites Robert Rauschenberg as an important influence

Mark Bradford in his studio in Florence, South Central Los Angeles, 2015, photographed by Jason Schmidt

Mark Bradford in his studio in Florence, South Central Los Angeles, 2015, photographed by Jason Schmidt
© Jason Schmidt

Rauschenberg is a big inspiration to me. He created an important platform for artists to engage in the often difficult realities they may endure. It’s a true expression of his spirit to encourage all of the things artists get to do – freely explore ideas and possibilities – but also to connect to the real, hard world.

Looking at his work for the first time at the Museum of Contemporary Art (MOCA) in Los Angeles as an undergraduate, I was struck with what he was doing with the Combines. I thought: ‘Why, why would he put that tyre around that goat. What is this?’ After spending time with them, I began to realise they are not just about ‘combining’ materials. He was trying to integrate the social and the artistic.

Rauschenberg was sometimes messy! I love that, because if gives his creativity a strong momentum. Today, we in the art world have a tendency to fetishise the ‘mainstream’, as if it were some foreign place where we go to grab material before hurriedly running back home to safety before the stench of Starbucks gets on us. He embraced, or better yet ‘combined’, elements that seemed foreign to the art world at the time. By juxtaposing paint, a bit of newspaper, a personal photo, and a chicken for good measure, he made me aware of bigger possibilities for art. He was active for the causes he believed in and protested against injustices. During his lifetime, he also started a foundation. He had a great work ethic. He worked through good and bad times, always pushing to engage the world with his art and actions. I’m not sure what his end game was, but I admire his process: he was passionate, multifaceted and plural.

Rauschenberg combined the world in his hands while blowing gold dust over everyone he met and everywhere he visited. While we today are running around with microscopes, he is having the last laugh.

Robert Rauschenberg, Monogram, 1955–9

Robert Rauschenberg, Monogram 1955–9, Combine using oil, paper, fabric, printed paper, printed reproductions, metal, wood, rubber shoe heel and tennis ball on canvas with oil and rubber tyre on angora goat on wood platform mounted on four castors, 106.7 x 160.7 x 163.8 cm
© Estate of Robert Rauschenberg/Bildupphovsrätt 2016, Stockholm/VAGA, NY, courtesy Moderna Museet

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