György Kepes, ‘Hand on Black Ground’ c.1939–40
György Kepes
Hand on Black Ground c.1939–40
© estate of György Kepes (Imre Kepes and Juliet Kepes Stone)

The technique of creating photographic prints without using a camera (photograms) is as old as photography itself – but emerged again in various avant-garde contexts in the early 1920s.

Artist Man Ray refined and personalised the technique to such an extent that the new prints eventually carried his name ‘rayographs’.