Spurred on by the civil rights movements of the 1960s, artists and intellectuals have worked together to use creativity to fight racial injustice. During the age of Black Power, collectives were formed, principles were outlined and a new visual language was developed that reflected black history, culture, experience, and hope for the future.
Chicago-based AfriCOBRA collective used black identity, style and attitude to nurture solidarity and self-confidence. Emory Douglas's hard-hitting posters depicted the struggles of African American communities. Black photographers like Roy DeCavara captured and told the stories of black lives first-hand.
Almost 60 years later, across the globe, collectives are still working creatively to improve visibility, challenge underrepresentation and reflect the histories and experiences of people of colour.
We asked Niellah Arboine from gal-dem, a creative collective of over 70 women and non-binary people of colour to share gal-dem's experience of creating a collective addressing underrepresentation in the mainstream media.
Read on for nine steps from Niellah on using your creativity, friends and networks to start your own movement ...
Step 1: Choose your cause
What are you for? What are you against? What are you passionate about?
Step 2: Read up
Learn about the current social, political or economic situation in relation to your cause.
Step 3: Find out who's with you
Get some people together who share the same passion as you.
Step 4: Spread the word
Get yourself out there! Use social media and word of mouth to share your mission and get visible.
Step 5: Be creative
Think of creative ways to broadcast your message.
Step 6: Set some principles
Choose some core values and stick to them.
Step 7: Mobilise the grassroots
Speak to people in real life and activate people in your locale.
Step 8: Get some momentum
Whatever you're doing, do it regularly. Create a platform and keep it active.
Step 9: Be brave. Be bold.
Don't be afraid of making a statement. Petition. Protest. Start a movement.