Approach to painting landscapes and scenes of everyday life developed in France in the nineteenth century and based on the practice of painting finished pictures out of doors and spontaneously ‘on the spot’ rather than in a studio from sketches
It resulted in a greater awareness of light and colour and the shifting pattern of the natural scene. Brushwork became rapid and broken into separate dabs to render these effects.
The first group exhibition was in Paris in 1874 and the work was greeted with derision. Monet’s Impression, Sunrise was particularly singled out and gave its name to the movement. Seven further exhibitions were then held at intervals until 1886.