Natalia Goncharova

1881–1962

Natalia Goncharova, ‘Linen’ 1913
Linen 1913
© ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2019
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In Tate Modern

Biography

Natalia Sergeevna Goncharova (Russian: Ната́лья Серге́евна Гончаро́ва, IPA: [nɐˈtalʲjə sʲɪrˈɡʲejɪvnə ɡəntɕɐˈrovə]; July 21, 1881 – October 17, 1962) was a Russian avant-garde artist, painter, costume designer, writer, illustrator, and set designer. Goncharova's lifelong partner was also a fellow Russian avant-garde artist Mikhail Larionov. She was a founding member of both the Jack of Diamonds (1909–1911), Moscow's first radical independent exhibiting group, the more radical Donkey's Tail (1912–1913), and with Larionov invented Rayonism (1912–1914). She was also a member of the German based art movement known as Der Blaue Reiter. Born in Russia, she moved to Paris in 1921 and lived there until her death.

Her painting vastly influenced the avant-garde in Russia. Her exhibition held in Moscow and St. Petersburg (1913 and 1914) were the first promoting a “new” artist by an independent gallery. When it comes to the pre-revolutionary period in Russia, where decorative painting and icons were a secure profession, her modern approach to rendering icons were both transgressive and problematic. Her work is usually considered too culturally specific to her Slavic heritage to be universally figured as avant-garde.

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Artworks

Features

Tate Etc

Natalia Goncharova: The Trailblazer

Christina Lodder

An early leader in the Russian avant-garde, Natalia Goncharova blazed a trail with her experiments in art and design. During ...

List

Seven Things to Know about Natalia Goncharova

Get to know this trailblazer of modern art and design

Art Term

Rayonism

An early form of abstract art characterised by interacting linear forms derived from rays of light

Tate Etc

The art of writing with people: Art and dance

Catherine Wood

The practice of choreographed movement has never been merely about decorative spectacle, but as artists and performers have shown throughout ...

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