Each year the Turner Prize jury shortlist four artists for an outstanding exhibition or other presentation.

Key Things to Know

Anish Kapoor with his 1991 Turner Prize installation

Anish Kapoor with his 1992 Turner Prize installation
© Tate Photography, Marcus Leith

The Turner Prize exhibition isn't always in London

Every other year, a venue outside Tate Britain, London hosts the prize. Previous galleries include Baltic in Newcastle, Ferens Art Gallery in Hull, Ebrington in Derry~Londonderry and at Turner Contemporary in Margate. The 2022 Turner Prize is hosted by Tate Liverpool.

The Turner Prize is in its thirties

The prize was first awarded in 1984. It was founded by a group called the Patrons of New Art under the directorship of Alan Bowness. They formed to encourage wider interest in contemporary art and assist Tate in acquiring new works. They felt that Britain should have its own award for visual arts, an equivalent to the Booker Prize.

It's given to 'a British Artist'

The Turner Prize is awarded to a British artist. ‘British’ can mean an artist working primarily in Britain or an artist born in Britain working globally.

The prize focuses on their recent developments in British art rather than a lifetime's achievement.

There is an independent panel of judges each year

Tate selects a new panel every year. The panel includes gallery directors, curators, critics and writers. At least one member is from abroad. This balances those who focus on British art or who work in Britain with those who see British art in a broader context.

The jury isn't paid but get a small amount to cover expenses.

The 2022 jury are:

  • Irene Aristizábal, Head of Curatorial and Public Practice, BALTIC
  • Christine Eyene, Research Fellow, School of Arts and Media, UCLan
  • Robert Leckie, Director, Spike Island
  • Anthony Spira, Director, MK Gallery

The jury is co-chaired by Alex Farquharson, Director, Tate Britain and Helen Legg, Director, Tate Liverpool.

Its name comes from J.M.W. Turner

Joseph Mallord William Turner
Snow Storm: Hannibal and his Army Crossing the Alps (exhibited 1812)
Tate

The nineteenth-century artist J.M.W. Turner was a figure who had been innovative and controversial in his own day. One critic commented that his work Schloss Rosenau was 'the product of a diseased eye and a reckless hand.' Today he is considered to be one of the greatest British artists. Turner had wanted to establish a prize for young artists himself.

The prize has no age limit

But this wasn't always the case. In 1991–2016 the prize had an age limit of 50. This played an important role in introducing the work of emerging artists. The lift of the age restriction recognises that artists can experience a breakthrough in their work at any age.

The award is £40,000

£25,000 goes to the winner and £5,000 each goes to the other shortlisted artists.

The jury decides the winner on the day of the announcement

The decision is made through a series of discussions until they arrive at a consensus. This year's Turner Prize will be broadcast live on the BBC in December 2022.

A celebrity presents the prize

Previous presenters have included Richard Attenborough, Paul Smith, Nick Cave, Yoko Ono, Mario Testino and Madonna.

Winners of the Turner Prize

Turner Prize Year by Year

Image credit: Martin Creed Work No. 944 2008 © Martin Creed