Each year the Turner Prize jury shortlist four artists for an outstanding exhibition or other presentation.

Go to Turner Prize 2018

Key things to know

photograph of artists Anish Kapoor standing next to a giant circular sculpture

Anish Kapoor with his 1992 Turner Prize installation
© Tate Photography, Marcus Leith

THE TURNER PRIZE IS IN ITS THIRTIES

The prize was first awarded in 1984. It was founded by a group called the Patrons of New Art under the directorship of Alan Bowness. They formed to encourage wider interest in contemporary art and assist Tate in acquiring new works. They felt that Britain should have its own award for visual arts, an equivalent to the Booker Prize.

IT’S GIVEN TO ‘A BRITISH ARTIST’

The Turner Prize is awarded to a British artist. ‘British’ can mean an artist working primarily in Britain or an artist born in Britain working globally.

The prize focuses on their recent developments in British art rather than a lifetime's achievement.

THERE IS AN INDEPENDENT PANEL OF JUDGES EACH YEAR

Tate selects a new panel every year. The panel includes gallery directors, curators, critics and writers. At least one member is from abroad. This balances those who focus on British art or who work in Britain with those who see British art in a broader context.

The jury isn't paid but get a small amount to cover expenses.

The 2018 jury are:

  • Oliver Basciano, art critic and International Editor at ArtReview
  • Elena Filipovic, Director, Kunsthalle Basel
  • Lisa Le Feuvre, Executive Director of Holt-Smithson Foundation
  • Tom McCarthy, novelist and writer

The jury is chaired by Alex Farquharson, Director of Tate Britain.

its NAME comes from J.M.W. TURNER

Joseph Mallord William Turner, ‘Snow Storm: Hannibal and his Army Crossing the Alps’ exhibited 1812
Joseph Mallord William Turner
Snow Storm: Hannibal and his Army Crossing the Alps exhibited 1812
Tate

The nineteenth-century artist J.M.W. Turner was a figure who had been innovative and controversial in his own day. One critic commented that his work Schloss Rosenau was 'the product of a diseased eye and a reckless hand.' Today he is considered to be one of the greatest British artists. Turner had wanted to establish a prize for young artists himself.

The public can nominate an artist

In April every year, the public can submit an artist nomination on the Tate website. The jury selects the shortlist from their own nominations and those of the public.

THE PRIZE HAS NO AGE LIMIT

But this wasn't always the case. In 1991–2016 the prize had an age limit of 50. This played an important role in introducing the work of emerging artists. The lift of the age restriction recognises that artists can experience a breakthrough in their work at any age.

The AWARD IS £40,000

£25,000 goes to the winner and £5,000 each goes to the other shortlisted artists.

The jury decides the winner on the day of the announcement

The decision is made through a series of discussions until they arrive at a consensus. This year's Turner Prize will be broadcast live on the BBC on 4 December
2018.

a celebrity presents the prize

Previous presenters have included Richard Attenborough, Paul Smith, Nick Cave, Yoko Ono, Mario Testino and Madonna.

Howard Hodgkin receiving the prize from Sir Richard Attenborough © Tate Photography

Howard Hodgkin receiving the prize from Sir Richard Attenborough © Tate Photography

Tomma Abts receiving the 2006 prize from Yoko Ono 

Tomma Abts receiving the 2006 prize from Yoko Ono © Ralf Marriot

THE TURNER PRIZE PROVOKES DEBATE ABOUT ART

Exhibition poster for 2004 Turner Prize showing a comment card with the words 'judge for yourself'
1999 exhibition poster with the words The Turner Prize. Turn on or Turn Off? Turn up and see

The Turner Prize exhibition isn't always in London

Every other year, a venue outside Tate Britain, London hosts the prize. Previous galleries include Tate Liverpool, Baltic in Newcastle, Ferens Art Gallery in Hull and at Ebrington in Derry. The 2019 exhibition will take place at The Turner Contemporary in Margate.

Winners of the Turner Prize

Artist

Lubaina Himid

born 1954
Artist

Martin Boyce

born 1967
Artist
Artist
Artist

Mark Leckey

born 1964
Artist
Artist

Tomma Abts

born 1967
Artist
Artist

Jeremy Deller

born 1966
Artist

Grayson Perry

born 1960
Artist

Keith Tyson

born 1969
Artist

Martin Creed

born 1968
Artist
Artist

Steve McQueen

born 1969
Artist

Chris Ofili

born 1968
Artist
Artist
Artist

Damien Hirst

born 1965
Artist
Artist
Artist
Artist

Anish Kapoor

born 1954
Artist

Richard Long

born 1945
Artist

Tony Cragg

born 1949
Artist
Artist

Gilbert & George

born 1943, born 1942
Artist

Howard Hodgkin

1932–2017
Artist

Malcolm Morley

1931–2018

Full list of Turner Prize artists

2017

Shortlisted artists:

  • Hurvin Anderson
  • Andrea Büttner
  • Lubaina Himid (winner)
  • Rosalind Nashashibi

Winner: Lubaina Himid

Find out more about the winning artist.

2016

Shortlisted artists:

  • Michael Dean
  • Anthea Hamilton
  • Helen Marten
  • Josephine Pryde

Winner: Helen Marten

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2015

Shortlisted artists:

  • Assemble
  • Bonnie Camplin
  • Janice Kerbel
  • Nicole Wermers

Winner: Assemble

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2014

Shortlisted artists:

  • Duncan Campbell
  • Ciara Phillips
  • James Richards
  • Tris Vonna-Michell

Winner: Duncan Campbell

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2013

Shortlisted artists:

  • Laure Prouvost
  • Tino Sehgal
  • David Shrigley
  • Lynette Yiadom-Boakye

Winner: Laure Prouvost

Find out more about the winning artist.

2012

Shortlisted artists:

  • Spartacus Chetwynd
  • Luke Fowler
  • Paul Noble
  • Elizabeth Price

Winner: Elizabeth Price

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2011

Shortlisted artists:

  • Karla Black
  • Martin Boyce
  • Hilary Lloyd
  • George Shaw

Winner: Martin Boyce

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2010

Shortlisted artists:

  • Dexter Dalwood
  • Angela de la Cruz
  • Susan Philipsz
  • The Otolith Group

Winner: Susan Philipsz

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2009

Shortlisted artists:

  • Enrico David
  • Roger Hiorns
  • Lucy Skaer
  • Richard Wright

Winner: Richard Wright

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2008

Shortlisted artists:

  • Runa Islam
  • Mark Leckey
  • Goshka Macuga
  • Cathy Wilkes

Winner: Mark Leckey

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2007

Shortlisted artists:

  • Zarina Bhimji
  • Nathan Coley
  • Mike Nelson
  • Mark Wallinger

Winner: Mark Wallinger

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2006

Shortlisted artists:

  • Tomma Abts
  • Phil Collins
  • Mark Titchner
  • Rebecca Warren

Winner: Tomma Abts

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2005

Shortlisted artists:

  • Darren Almond
  • Gillian Carnegie
  • Jim Lambie
  • Simon Starling

Winner: Simon Starling

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2004

Shortlisted artists:

  • Kutlug Ataman
  • Jeremy Deller
  • Langlands and Bell
  • Yinka Shonibare

Winner: Jeremy Deller

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2003

Shortlisted artists:

  • Jake and Dinos Chapman
  • Willie Doherty
  • Anya Gallaccio
  • Grayson Perry

Winner: Grayson Perry

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2002

Shortlisted artists:

  • Fiona Banner
  • Liam Gillick
  • Keith Tyson
  • Catherine Yass

Winner: Keith Tyson

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2001

Shortlisted artists:

  • Richard Billingham
  • Martin Creed
  • Isaac Julien
  • Mike Nelson

Winner: Martin Creed

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2000

Shortlisted artists:

  • Glenn Brown
  • Michael Raedecker
  • Tomoko Takahashi
  • Wolfgang Tillmans

Winner: Wolfgang Tillmans

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1999

Shortlisted artists:

  • Tracey Emin
  • Steve McQueen
  • Steven Pippin
  • Jane and Louise Wilson

Winner: Steve McQueen

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1998

Shortlisted artists:

  • Tacita Dean
  • Cathy de Monchaux
  • Chris Ofili
  • Sam Taylor-Wood

Winner: Chris Ofili

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1997

Shortlisted artists:

  • Christine Borland
  • Angela Bulloch
  • Cornelia Parker
  • Gillian Wearing

Winner: Gillian Wearing

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1996

Shortlisted artists:

  • Douglas Gordon
  • Craigie Horsfield
  • Gary Hume
  • Simon Patterson

Winner: Douglas Gordon

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1995

Shortlisted artists:

  • Mona Hatoum
  • Damien Hirst
  • Callum Innes
  • Mark Wallinger

Winner: Damien Hirst

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1994

Shortlisted artists:

  • Willie Doherty
  • Peter Doig
  • Antony Gormley
  • Shirazeh Houshiary

Winner: Antony Gormley

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1993

Shortlisted artists:

  • Hannah Collins
  • Vong Phaophanit
  • Sean Scully
  • Rachel Whiteread

Winner: Rachel Whiteread

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1992

Shortlisted artists:

  • Grenville Davey
  • Damien Hirst
  • David Tremlett
  • Alison Wilding

Winner: Grenville Davey

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1991

Shortlisted artists:

  • Ian Davenport
  • Anish Kapoor
  • Fiona Rae
  • Rachel Whiteread

Winner: Anish Kapoor

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1990

No prize

1989

Shortlisted artists:

  • Gillian Ayres
  • Lucian Freud
  • Richard Long
  • Giuseppe Penone
  • Paula Rego
  • Sean Scully
  • Richard Wilson

Winner: Richard Long

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1988

Shortlisted artists:

  • Tony Cragg
  • Lucian Freud
  • Richard Hamilton
  • Richard Long
  • David Mach
  • Boyd Webb
  • Alison Wilding
  • Richard Wilson

Winner: Tony Cragg

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1987

Shortlisted artists:

  • Patrick Caulfield
  • Helen Chadwick
  • Richard Deacon
  • Richard Long
  • Declan McGonagle
  • Thérèse Oulton

Winner: Richard Deacon

Find out more about the winning artist.

1986

Shortlisted artists:

  • Art & Language
  • Victor Burgin
  • Gilbert & George
  • Derek Jarman
  • Stephen McKenna
  • Bill Woodrow

Commended:

  • Nicholas Serota
  • Matthew Collings
  • Robin Klassnik

Winner: Gilbert & George

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1985

Shortlisted artists:

  • Terry Atkinson
  • Tony Cragg
  • Ian Hamilton Finlay
  • Milena Kalinovska
  • Howard Hodgkin
  • John Walker

Winner: Howard Hodgkin

Find out more about the winning artist.

1984

Shortlisted artists:

  • Richard Deacon
  • Gilbert & George
  • Richard Long
  • Malcolm Morley

Winner: Malcolm Morley

Find out more about the winning artist.

TURNER PRIZE YEAR BY YEAR

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Image credit: Martin Creed Work No. 944 2008 © Martin Creed